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Cavernous bodies

Cavernous (cavernous) body - This is the structural part of the penis. The cavernous bodies (right and left) have a cylindrical shape and are located inside the penis. To the ventral surface of the cavernous bodies, parallel to them, is the spongy (spongy) body of the penis.

Anatomically in the cavernous body distinguish:
(1) the apex (apex) is the distal part,
(2) the middle part,
(3) the leg is the proximal part.

In the apical part, the cavernous bodies are covered by the glans penis, which is part of the spongy body. At the pubic joint, in the proximal part, the cavernous bodies diverge to the sides down and posterior parallel to the descending (sciatic) branches of the pubic bones, to which they are attached by ligaments. In the pubic joint, cavernous bodies are attached to the bones using an unpaired funnel-shaped ligament. Cavernous bodies can be felt in the form of rollers on the right and left inside the penis.

The main function of the cavernous bodies - providing an erection of the penis (an increase in size and hardening of the penis during sexual arousal).

The cavernous body consists of cavernous tissue surrounded by a protein coat. Cavernous tissue has a cellular structure. Each cavity (cell) has the ability to change its internal volume due to changes in the tone of smooth muscle elements (trabecular muscles) included in the structure of the walls of the cavity. Blood enters the caverns through arterioles radially extending from the cavernous artery located centrally inside the cavernous body. During sexual arousal in response to the release of a mediator (NO - nitric oxide) due to relaxation of the trabecular muscles and muscles of the walls of the cavernous arteries, an increase in the lumen of the cavernous arteries and the volume of the caverns occurs. An increase in blood flow to the cavernous tissue and the filling of caverns with a large volume of blood leads to an increase in the total volume of cavernous tissue (tumescence or swelling of the penis). Normally, the outflow of blood from the cavernous tissue is carried out through the venous plexus, located directly under the protein membrane. When the venous plexuses are pressed to the protein membrane due to an increase in the volume of cavernous tissue during tumescence (the basis of the vein-occlusive mechanism), the outflow of blood from the cavernous bodies decreases, leading to the appearance of a solid erection. At the end of sexual activity (usually after ejaculation), the secretion of norepinephrine, a sympathetic mediator that increases the tone of the trabecular muscles, leads to the disappearance of an erection (detumescence) in the reverse appearance of an erection. Insufficient blood flow to the corpus cavernosum, excessive outflow of venous blood from the corpus cavernosum, damage to the nerves that conduct signals to the appearance of an erection, and damage to the cavernous tissue leads to a deterioration in the quality of the erection up to its complete absence (impotence).

Protein membrane of the cavernous body is a case of cavernous bodies and consists of elastic connective tissue. During an erection, the protein coat, stretching uniformly in different directions, provides a symmetrical enlargement of the penis. Congenital disorders of the elasticity of the tunica, cicatricial changes after injuries of the penis and the formation of fibrous plaques on the tunica of the skin during Peyronie’s disease can lead to curvature of the penis during erection.

“Andros” - Urology, Oncourology,

Cavernous (cavernous from lat. caverna "cavity, cave") body - This is a structural unit of erectile tissue of the trunk of the male penis (penis). This tissue also includes its spongy body.Two longitudinal cavernous bodies together with one spongy body located longitudinally below them form the trunk of the penis.

The cavernous bodies provide blood to the penis - its erectile function. An erection is necessary for a man to have sexual intercourse. Cavernous bodies during erection are palpated from above and on the sides of the trunk of the penis in the form of solid ridges.

Inside the spongy body is the male urethra, which has an external opening on top of the continuation of the spongy body - the glans penis.

In addition to the penis, the cavernous bodies (but usually much smaller) form the body of the clitoris - the organ of the woman's sexual sense, but the clitoris does not have a spongy body, and the female urethra is located separately from the clitoris behind it. The clitoris, due to its structure, is capable of erection, like the penis, but is not intended to penetrate the sexual organs of the sexual partner and is usually much shorter in length and thickness.

The spongy body remains soft during an erection, otherwise it would compress the urethra from swelling and prevent free ejaculation. With sexual arousal, nerve impulses reach the tips of the nerves of the penis. The bodies swell, and the blood supply increases the volume of the penis and gives it hardness. This allows a man to easily have sexual intercourse necessary for reproduction, as well as for sexual satisfaction. After ejaculation, noradrenaline is released and the blood quickly drains from the penis. Thus, after sexual intercourse, an erection quickly weakens and disappears, but with sexual arousal it does not reach its maximum immediately, but only with complete readiness to insert the penis into the woman’s vagina. Violation of the erection mechanism, defects of the cavernous bodies (Peyronie’s disease, that is, replacement of erectile scar tissue), increased venous discharge (pathological venous drainage of the cavernous bodies), or lack of nerve impulses to the penis (damage to the innervating penis of the nerve or mental problems) are the cause of erectile dysfunctions.

The physiology of males is very interesting, especially when it comes to their intimate areas. For example, in order for a man’s penis to become elastic, to increase, so-called cavernous or cavernous bodies must take part in this process. This component of the body, at the time of blood flow to the male member, expands quite strongly and it is precisely due to this that the member increases in terms of length and volume.

If not everyone has understood what these bodies are, how they look and function, then this topic should be considered in more detail. Knowing everything about male physiology, you can try to make everything good with the sexual health of men of any age.

What is a cavernous body?

Not all guys, and especially women, have a sufficient idea of ​​what physiological units such as cavernous bodies are. So, under such an unusual and interesting name is one of the building units of a man’s penis.

Without the presence of these bricks, the function of an erection would be impossible in practical life, and if we describe them a little closer, then we can say the following about such important building units:

  • in the genitals of a man, there are quite a few structural units of this type,
  • in each such structure there is a quite large number of active nerve roots or endings,
  • large blood vessels pass through the cavernous bodies, namely arteries,
  • this component is plastic, flexible, due to which it has the opportunity to significantly increase in volume,
  • the expansion of this part of the male intimate organ may take place thereafter. as blood rushes to the penis, specific nerve impulses come from the brain,
  • from the inside, each element of this type resembles in structure a sponge whose erectile tissues are successfully built from epithelial cells,
  • the cavernous body is built from the upper distal part, the middle and the proximal lower part - the legs.

What is cavernitis - a description of the disease

A penis cavernitis is a disease in which a cavernous or cavernous body inside the penis becomes inflamed. The cause of inflammation is the penetration of the infection into the internal tissues. For this reason, cavernitis is often confused with urethritis and improper therapy is performed. To avoid misunderstandings, you should understand the anatomical structure of the penis.

A channel passes through the entire penis, which ensures the excretion of urine and seminal fluid - it is he who is called the urethra. The urethra is enclosed in a spongy body; in severe forms of cavernitis, it is also involved in the inflammatory process. On both sides of it, cavernous bodies are symmetrically located - they are also called cavernous from the Latin "cavern", which literally translates as "cave". Each of the cavernous bodies has the shape of a cylinder, conditionally in medicine they are divided into three parts:

  • distal or apex,
  • average
  • lower - the leg of the cavernous body.

In the photo it is demonstrated clearly. Cavernous bodies are responsible for the formation and maintenance of an erection, so you can imagine the scale of the disease if they are affected by inflammation.

The disease always begins very brightly and proceeds in an acute form, it is impossible to ignore it. But since it is developing rapidly and is able to very quickly destroy the entire genitourinary system in men, and not only reduce erectile function, you can not hesitate a single day. Concern and give rise to an immediate visit to the urologist should signs described below.

Anatomical features and structure

The structure of the cavernous body implies a complex connection of small cells, with histological examination resembling small caves or caverns. By the way, speaking in medical language, cavernous bodies are called cavernous. The cavernous bodies form two longitudinal formations that form the body and the root of the male penis, at the base of the penis, the cavernous bodies merge into a single formation, which has a groove in which the spongy body of the penis is formed and fixed. Outside, the cavernous bodies of the male penis are covered with a protein membrane, mainly consisting of connective tissue without smooth muscle inclusions. Protein membrane, despite its small thickness, has high strength and elasticity, which allows you to give the penis the desired shape. The spongy body is not covered with a protein coat and passes along the lower surface of the body of the penis, ending with the head of the penis. In the thickness of the spongy body, the urethral canal passes, which ends on the glans penis with an external urethral opening. Special trabeculae, or in other words beams, which divide the cavernous bodies into small segments, depart from the protein membrane into the thickness of the cavernous bodies. The deeper the trabeculae leaves into the thickness of the cavernous bodies, the more smooth muscle fibers depart from them, which divide the segments of the cavernous bodies into small cells. The cellular structure is precisely responsible for the blood supply during an erection. Microscopically, the spongy and cavernous bodies resemble a complex system of lacunae and caverns, which expand and circulate when the smooth muscle elements of the trabeculae contract. The blood supply to the cavernous bodies is due to the deep celiac artery, which branches into arterioles and small capillaries that flow into caverns of the cavernous bodies. A feature of the vessels located in the male penis is a thickened muscle layer, due to additional muscle fibers extending from the trabeculae.When an erection occurs, these muscle fibers contract and overlap the lumen of the capillaries, anastomosing with cavernous bodies, which leads to their blood filling and stretching, which visually leads to an increase in the volume of the penis mainly in length.

Structure and properties

As already mentioned above, these bodies in representatives of a strong part of humanity consist of three parts. The upper part is called the distal, the middle consists of epithelial fibers and has the ability to stretch, resembles a sponge. The lower part, or as it is scientifically called, is the proximal. The main purpose of these constituent parts of the intimate organ is erectile function.

It is their properties that allow stretching that are responsible for elasticity, as well as an increase in terms of length and volume of the male penis. These structural units have a composition in the form of elastic fibers, as well as muscle cells that are closely intertwined and form cells that are filled with blood, in the process of sexual arousal, make the intimate organ of a man become large and elastic.

What is it and how to influence them

For the process of increasing the penis of a man during an erection, cavernous bodies are responsible, which, under the influence of a rush of blood, tend to expand and become voluminous. Without the elasticity and flexibility of this section of the penis, a 100% erection is impossible, as well as the numerous sexual functions of men. Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to the cavernous bodies, their properties and structural features.

The female reproductive system is just as complex as the male reproductive system. It is amazing how in a matter of seconds the soft penis simply grows and hardens before our eyes in the process of sexual arousal. In fact, there is an increase in the three cavernous bodies of the penis - paired bodies and an unpaired third body. You can compare them with a sponge, which consists from the inside of epithelial cells that are saturated with blood.

Functional Features

A little higher, we explained in general terms how an erection is formed on the basis of the anatomical features of the structure of the penis, but an erection is not only the result of an active contraction of the smooth muscle fibers of the penile vessels, but also a complex neuro-hormonal mechanism. Filling of the cavernous bodies occurs both due to the influx of arterial blood, and as a result of a spasm of the venous system of the penis, which leads to the accumulation of blood inside the penis of a man and an increase in body size. Lacunae and caverns of cavernous bodies are distinguished by a high degree of elasticity, which allows them to actively stretch and increase their internal volume, several times higher than that in the un-erect state. The absence of a protein membrane in the spongy body ensures the normal functioning of the urethra, since there is no clamping of the urethral canal. Also, during an erection, there is no compression of the urethral lumen, which allows the ejaculation process to be normal, since the spongy body remains soft throughout the erection.

Causes of Cavernitis

Cavernitis can also develop for the following reasons:

  • surgical intervention in which cavernous bodies were injured,
  • incorrect administration of drugs or other substances directly into the cavernous bodies,
  • prolonged catheterization of the bladder,
  • acute urethritis caused by gonorrhea,
  • infectious purulent-inflammatory diseases - tonsillitis, osteomyelitis, carbuncle, caries, sinusitis.

Cavernitis of syphilitic origin is considered as a separate type of pathology.

What increases the cavernous bodies in the penis?

What is the so-called cavernous body and what is its role, many men and women have already been able to understand in full measure. But not everyone has an idea of ​​what specifically helps to increase these units in volume.So, the cavernous body of the penis becomes much larger due to the fact that inside it contains separate cells that can expand. When the trabecular fibers change their tone, blood rushes to the cells of the cavernous bodies and fills them completely, which gives the green light expansion.

The process of stretching these male specific bodies takes place according to this algorithm:

  • sex drive contributes to the production of nitric oxide in the body of an adult man,
  • under the above nitrogen components, the trabecular fibers relax,
  • between the arterioles a sufficiently large amount of empty space is formed,
  • a rush of blood gets a chance to completely fill the cells of the cavernous bodies,
  • cavernous tissues begin to grow and due to this there is a significant increase in these bodies.

Pathological conditions

There are a huge number of urological diseases, which are manifested to one degree or another due to the pathology associated with the anatomical structure or functioning of the cavernous bodies of the penis.

Among the most common diseases, two categories can be distinguished: diseases associated with deformation of the penis, and impaired erectile function.

Diseases can be either congenital anomalies of development, or acquired as a result of injuries, infectious and inflammatory diseases and the use of certain medications.

Types of Cavernitis

Inflammation of the cavernous bodies of the penis is classified according to several different signs.

  1. By the nature of the course - acute or chronic.
  2. By localization - one-sided or bilateral, with spread to the spongy body or without it. It may also be limited or spilled cavernitis.
  3. By the nature of origin, they produce a late or syphilitic form of the disease.

Cavernous or cavernous bodies (English corpora cavernosa) - these are the structural parts of the erectile tissue of the penis, covered with a dense protein (fibrous) capsule. The key function of corpora cavernosa is blood-filling, they contain the prevailing part of the blood volume in the penis of a man during an erection.

Essential oils for cavernous enlargement

Cavernous bodies are an important structural unit of the structure of the intimate organ, which is responsible for its increase in terms of length and volume. To increase this structural part, experts often advise using different essential oils. They penetrate deeply into the capillaries, it is due to this that they increase blood flow to the male penis, which causes the cavernous bodies to stretch as much as possible. To increase the volume of cavernous bodies, experts recommend the use of oils of these varieties purchased in a pharmacy:

  • anise and mint,
  • brown and amaranth,
  • ginseng oil.

The choice is really rich, but you should not immediately run to the pharmacy, buy and actively use these essential oils. Before applying the essential oil to the penis, a man should conduct a test for sensitivity and the absence of allergies. To do the test, you just need to apply a small amount of oil to the elbow or wrist area, leave it for a day. If there was no itching, redness and rashes, then this natural oil can be safely used.

Peyronie's Disease

One of the most common problems in urological practice is the curvature or deformation of the external male genital organs. At the moment when the penis is in an unexcited state, the curvature can be almost invisible, however, with the onset of erection and blood filling of the cavernous bodies, the penis begins to curvature, which leads to mechanical difficulties in the implementation of sexual intercourse. Not to mention the psychological discomfort that a man experiences during intercourse.Peyronie's disease with fairly active movements can also lead to additional trauma to the cavernous bodies, which only exacerbates the pathological condition.

Visually, the disease manifests itself in the form of characteristic plaques on the surface of the body of the penis. Plaques are formed by dense fibrous connective tissue, which is formed due to permanent microtrauma of the protein coat. Subsequently, the plaques undergo calcification - the deposition of calcium crystals inside, which leads to their wrinkling and densification and enhances the deformation of the body of the penis. As a result, these plaques lead to a violation of the normal blood supply to the cavernous bodies and erectile dysfunction of an organic nature. As a rule, plaques form on the upper surface or back of the penis, which leads to its bending up during an erection.


Two cavernous bodies along with the spongy (spongy) body through which the urethra passes form the penis of a man. Corpora cavernosa are located throughout the organ, from the pubic bone to the head. They consist of porous tissue, including spaces filled with blood, of various sizes (larger in the center than on the periphery), lined with endothelial layer and delimited by connective tissue septa, the so-called trabeculae. The trabeculae contain numerous nerves and arteries. All three bodies are surrounded by muscles that hold the male organ during an erection and contract during ejaculation.

What essential oils for cavernous bodies can I use?

Since maximum erection is possible due to the high elasticity and the ability to stretch the cavernous bodies, this was the basis in the method of penis enlargement.

Numerous drugs for penis growth suggest the presence of such substances that affect precisely the cavernous bodies. For example, essential oils, which with their unique properties can affect different organs and systems.

The most effective esters are as follows:

  • peppermint oil
  • aniseed oil
  • brown oil
  • amaranth esters,
  • ginseng oil.

Before using any of the oils, it is necessary to test for the absence of allergies, since esters often become provocateurs of allergic reactions. To do this, one drop of the product must be applied to the wrist or elbow, after which do not rinse it off during the day. Itching and rash are clear signs of hypersensitivity to ethers.

Why enlarge the cavernous bodies?

Spongy erectile tissue, which is located inside the structural unit, has the ability to expand them after the rush of blood. It is due to this process that the man’s sexual organ is lengthened and elastic. Based on this, we can conclude that it is worth increasing this building unit for the following reasons:

  • so that potency is always good,
  • so that the penis can become as elastic as possible,
  • so that sexual contact lasts quite a while, brings maximum pleasure.

If these specific bodies do not become sufficiently voluminous, then the genital organ will not be as elastic as possible, which will adversely affect the sexual life of a man. Of course, blundering in bed is something unacceptable, so you need to make sure that the cavernous bodies expand well.

We increase the cavernous bodies - increase the penis!

Smooth muscle cells of arteries, as well as sinusoidal capillaries and arteriole capillaries, which are located in the cavernous bodies, are responsible for erectile function. Under the influence of the functions of the arteries and the circulatory system, the rush of blood to the cavernous bodies increases, as a result of which the penis straightens and acquires a solid structure. So, the man is completely ready for sexual intercourse.

This can be achieved during sexual arousal, as well as with the proper use of the above essential oils.To do this, follow these steps:

  • on the palms of the hands rub a couple of drops of ether,
  • massaging the palms of the oil rubbed on the skin of the penis,
  • rubbing light movements are performed for 3-5 minutes,
  • apply ethers twice a day for several months.

Thanks to such manipulations, it is possible to nourish the skin with vitamin E, improve blood circulation, nourish the epidermis with oxygen, and also restore metabolism. The cavernous bodies, or rather their vessels will become soft and elastic, due to which the ability to stretch the cavernous bodies will also improve. As a result of this, when an erection is achieved, the man will receive a 100% result.

How to enlarge the cavernous bodies?

If you choose the right methods, how to enlarge the cavernous bodies, the man will know how to enlarge the penis. Today there is a special technique for training. It involves two types of impact - trapping and stretching. To begin with, the penis should be firmly wrapped around the base of the fingers with your fingers, and then pulled as much as possible towards the head.

Stretching should be performed no more than 10 times, this will be enough to disperse the cavernous bodies. As practice has shown, a little pain during a stretch of the penis does not promise a man trauma and problems. If you perform the exercises in parallel with the application of essential oils, the result will not be long in coming.

How can I enlarge the cavernous body of the penis?

Good afternoon. Tell me, is it possible to enlarge the cavernous body of the penis so that the penis itself grows?

Hello. In the structure of the penis there are two cavernous (cavernous) bodies that have the shape of a cylinder. They are attached to the lower branches of the pubic bone through the sharp ends of each of the cylinders. The cavernous body is the most important element that takes part in creating a stable erect state, provides an increase in the penis itself and its hardness at the time of sexual arousal.
If you increase the cavernous bodies, then they will be more filled with blood, therefore, the penis itself will also increase, the erection will become stronger and more stable. There are many ways to increase cavernous bodies, ranging from simple exercises that you can do at home with your own hands, as well as special devices that contribute to their increase. For example, one of these devices is a hydraulic pump, which, under the influence of a liquid, increases the cavernous bodies, which in turn leads to an increase in the penis.
With the help of a hydraulic pump, the penis can be increased several times, for example, before sex, to diversify the sex life. If you want to get a long-term effect of increase, you need to practice every day and on a regular basis, only in this case, the penis will become longer, and the result will last a lifetime.
It is worth saying right away that one pump will not help, it is necessary to develop cavernous bodies in an integrated way - a pump, exercises, stretching, etc. The main thing is to be patient, and the result will certainly be.

Intracavernous injection to the penis

Failures in sexual terms from time to time occur in every male. Too many factors affect the combat readiness of a man’s penis. These are stresses, psychological problems, infections, overwork, inflammation of the genitourinary system.

To restore potency, men can resort to a variety of tools offered by modern medicine. In addition to tablets, capsules, suppositories and creams, there are drugs for intracavernous injection into the penis. This method allows you to quickly bring the member into an erect state.

The essence of intracavernous injections is the administration of vasoactive drugs into the cavernous bodies of the genital organ. As a result, the expansion of blood vessels in the penis occurs, the filling of the cavernous bodies with blood increases, and a persistent erection occurs.

The use of injections is advisable for such purposes:

This is just elementary! To return and strengthen potency, you need once.

  • Achieving a full erection of the penis.
  • Lack of results when using preparations containing sildenafil.
  • In complex therapy for the treatment of inflammation in the prostate and prostate.
  • To increase blood supply to the organs of the reproductive system.
  • Diagnostic determination of the type of erectile dysfunction.


Injection into the penis is not recommended if there are such contraindications:

  • Diseases of the organs of the cardiovascular system.
  • Decreased hemoglobin.
  • With diagnosed Peyronie's disease.
  • The narrowing of the urethra.
  • The state of intoxication.
  • Inflammatory processes in the cavernous bodies of the genital organ.

Preparation for the procedure

The dose of the drug for a single injection should be selected individually by the doctor.

For the procedure, it is better to use disposable insulin syringes with a thin needle.

  1. Air is drawn into the syringe, after which the needle is inserted into the cork of the drug vial, and the air is squeezed out.
  2. Turn the bottle upside down and, carefully pulling the syringe plunger, draw the required dose of medication.
  3. Lightly tap the syringe to remove air bubbles from it.
  4. Put the cap on the needle.

How is intracavernous injection performed?

Intracavernous injections can be done independently. This procedure is completely painless and does not take much time.

  1. The penis is pulled slightly to the side.
  2. Before giving an injection, the injection site is wiped with a swab dipped in an alcohol solution.
  3. Remove the cap from the needle and insert it into the base of the penis at right angles. The needle should go all the way. Avoid getting the needle into the venous vessels.
  4. Slowly push in the piston.
  5. Pull out the needle and massage the injection site.

After the injection, an erection appears after 10 minutes.

Interpretation of Results

To diagnose the type of erectile dysfunction, the Unem scale is used.

E0 - there is no erection of the organ.

E1 - there is an increase in the penis from the injection.

E2 - moderate organ stress.

E3 - complete swelling.

E4 - a sufficient erection of the penis.

E5 - a full erection.

If erectile function is impaired, then indicators from E3 to E5 indicate a neurogenic cause. Indicators from E0 to E2 mean vascular pathology.

Possible complications

With a violation of the technique of administration or exceeding the dose and frequency of injections, the following complications can be observed:

  • Hematomas and blood discharge at the puncture site. This happens when a needle enters a blood vessel.
  • Perhaps the appearance of scars on the penis.
  • Tachycardia and pressure drop.
  • Reducing the length of the penis as a result of injection abuse.
  • Pathological preservation of member tension over 4 hours (piapism).

If pyapism occurs, medical intervention is required.

How to increase the cavernous bodies: the main ways

How to increase the cavernous bodies, I would like to know to all representatives of the male part of society. Effective ways to help fulfill this mission exist. And so, in order to give volume to the cavernous bodies, you can do a massage of the penis with essential oils or use the following methods:

  • application of a special technique of physical training - grip and stretching,
  • surgical intervention - plastic,
  • frequent stimulation of blood flow to the genitals, which occurs due to watching erotic films, other similar practices,
  • the use of special medications.

And so, there are many ways to achieve an increase in the cavernous bodies, and, accordingly, of the penis, but if there is no urgent need to use them, then you can do only exercises and essential oils.

Physiological features

With sexual arousal, the release of NO leads to relaxation of the three bodies of the penis. Tissues are filled with blood from arteries along the entire length of the male genital organ. A small amount of blood enters the spongy body, and the remainder (about 90 percent) is filled by corpora cavernosa, which expand both in width and in length. Unlike cavernous bodies, the spongy remains soft even with coition, otherwise it would compress the urethra and become an obstacle to ejaculation. Blood is able to leave erectile tissue only through the drainage system of venous vessels around the outer wall of the cavernous body. The inflated spongy tissue presses the surrounding protein capsule, as a result of which the veins contract, preventing the outflow of blood. The penis becomes hard, but its head remains softer, because its shell is thinner than in the corpora cavernosa. This minimizes the possibility of trauma to the genitals of a woman with coition.

Diseases and injuries

Pathologies of cavernous bodies include:

  • cavernous fibrosis (tissue sclerosis),
  • Peyronie's disease (aka fibroplastic induction of the penis),
  • incomplete absence of corpora cavernosa (extremely rare).
  • Rough sexual intercourse can lead to rupture of cavernous bodies under the skin, the so-called "Penis fracture."

Cavernous bodies in the clitoris

The body of the woman’s clitoris contains erectile tissue in the form of a pair of corpora cavernosa. However, the clitoris does not have a spongy body, unlike the penis, and the urethra is located separately - behind the female genital organ. Cavernous bodies provide the clitoris with the ability to achieve an erection, but it has a relatively small size and is not intended for sexual penetration. During sexual arousal, blood fills the corpora cavernosa. This causes extrusion of the clitoris head and increases sensitivity to physical contact.

Human reproductive system anatomy
The reproductive system of menCavernous bodies

Having studied some part of this forum: growth theories, statistics, and other branches, if possible, I came to the conclusion that the theoretical justification for such an important matter is poorly developed and a new, more complete theory is needed.
Rummaging through the Internet in search of the necessary information, I found this.

What formed its own theory of IF growth.

I will not touch on the LOT theory here, since I believe that most of the growth is hidden in the stretching of the part of the IF hidden in the body. But I will not neglect this theory, everything is useful, which gives a positive result.

Let me make a reservation by growth, I understand the real increase in IF - by 5 cm in length and 4 cm in girth (desired goal).

The increase in IF lies in the increase in the volume of the cavernous bodies of the IF. I think everyone understands this. According to the theory, the cavernous bodies of a normal person are approximately the same.

Their working part consists of many gaps (caverns), the axis of each of which is located at an angle of 45 degrees to the axis of each cavernous body of the IF.
Each gap is an elongated barrel consisting, like a normal barrel of “boards”, “boards” in the barrel alternate, even “boards” are connective tissue, odd are smooth muscles.
During an erection, the barrels are filled with blood and expand, much more in width than in length, that is, the “boards” of smooth muscles are stretched, and the “boards” of connective tissue remain the same size. IF increases both in length and in width approximately the same.

In Rastunov, the width of the “planks” of smooth muscles is greater than the width of the “planks” of connective tissue and the increase in lacunae during erection is relatively larger, but the smooth muscles occupy a smaller volume, therefore, at rest, the IF is smaller than that of Pokazuns, they have the opposite, the larger volume at rest is due to a larger the amount of connective tissue, which according to this theory is less stretched but at rest, occupies a larger volume than smooth muscle tissue, that is, IF at rest they have more.

Naturally, the angle of inclination of the gaps is an individual indicator, presumably for those who grow better in width, the axes of the gaps are located at a large angle to the axis of the cavernous bodies, approximately 60-70 degrees, and with the growth of the “boards” of smooth muscles the IF thickness increases more, it’s clear that for those who grow better in length, the axis of the lacunae are located under a smaller angle to the axis of the cavernous bodies.

I do not exclude the growth of connective tissue under the influence of exercises, I think it really is, but this growth is much less than the growth of smooth muscles. It is also impossible to exclude the possibility of connective tissue to stretch and the factor of great ductility of smooth muscles.

However, by ductility, I understand the destruction of smooth muscle cells and their recovery in larger numbers, which is lower.

Hence, the individual characteristics of NUPers on which the growth potential depends and, in general, the presence of growth are reduced to:

1. the number of lacunae,
2. the angle of inclination of the gaps relative to the axis of the cavernous body,
3. the individual width of the muscle and ligamentous "boards" of the gaps,
4. individual characteristics of smooth muscles and connective tissue of lacunae.

I do not exclude the possibility of changing the angle of inclination of the axis of the gaps as a result of NUP exercises.

If the bodybuilder muscle growth is taken as an example of growth, then NUPer by exercise destroys the cells of the connective and muscle tissue, which, when restored after destruction in a large volume, give an increase in the size of the lacunae, which leads to an increase in IF. It is clear that smooth muscles grow faster than connective tissue, but it also grows. Like bodybuilder muscle tissue, smooth muscle and connective tissue need material to repair.

A separate issue is drugs that help restore body tissues, but here I think each NUPer should have its own recipe.

Conclusion from muscle theory. Smooth muscle is a protein, the growth of a protein ensures the presence of a sufficient number of amino acids that are replaceable and irreplaceable, it is impossible to exclude some special effect of any kind of amino acids on the growth of smooth muscles. Here is a question that I would like to address to NUPers who are seriously engaged in bodybuilding:

What amino acids did you use during your most rapid growth (NUPersky growth)?

I deliberately do not name any of the nutritional supplements or amino acids so as not to be known as the distributor of this product, and I think that NUPerov, compared to bodybuilders, are so few that they will not be a big market for manufacturers of dietary supplements and so on, I just want to find the most effective way to achieve your goal.

I think it would be desirable to receive answers to this question from very experienced NUPers.
The opinion of Uncut4Big with thundersplace and other foreign bodybuilders would be quite valuable, there are simply more of them.

And yet, to assess the growth potential, it would be nice to collect growth statistics as a percentage, rather than absolute, as has been done more than once in this forum.

I also want to clarify the issue of smoking, I have understood a simple thing from my own experience, even a small number of smoked cigarettes per day strongly affects the length of the inverter in the state of excitement, up to 1 cm in minus, I have it.

I’ll give up soon, as soon as I seriously engage in NUP.

I count on your justified criticism and additions to this theory.

nice generalization + 1
current forgot about the most problematic part of the bee - tunic - often the main deterrent
all this is already in one form or another, scattered in different places
Amino 1000 Gold - did not notice rapid growth, creatine in megadoses - it was the same thing, the protein is good - for me, unfortunately, experience is not great in additives and reducing agents.
there is such a thing - not the best assistant in the NUP - it is advisable to get rid of it - cripples nicotine and its vessels.

pumping muscles and blood vessels is not a problem. The main thing is to find a place under them in the protein coat, which is hardly stretched.

Is it necessary to know this so directly? You will know this only by laboratory means. But I will say for myself that these are BCAA amino acids (leucine, isoleucine, valine) - which are largely responsible for the growth of muscle tissue. BUT! It is only necessary to open a textbook on biology or chemistry for a course of a secondary school of grades 8-9. And there to read what protein is and what amino acids are.
I’ll explain to the bastard. Amino acids are a breakdown protein. But, protein, when broken down in the stomach, that is, digestion, tends to clog the body with decay products, and the process of protein digestibility is lower than amino acids.
a) It makes sense to take amino acids BEFORE and AFTER training, taking into account their rapid absorption, (close the so-called "protein-carbohydrate window"). Protein, that is, protein, will be absorbed longer.
b) It is possible to refuse amino acids in general, taking just a protein, anyway the difference is not significant.

If you really really need to take amino acids in their pure form, is it worth steaming and looking for one that is responsible for tissue growth. It’s easier to buy a complex of ALL amino acids to mine their 22 species, only this is a waste of money. Because there are rumors that these aminkas are just fresh protein.

Anyway, how does this theory help us in growth? Yes, you need to eat right, but for those who do not sway, for such a small part of the body as the inverter there will be enough amino acids that come with food, and for those who sway, they’ve got some kind of supplement, and plus increased intake food.

IMHO, do not focus on this problem of useful substances for IF. Just eat well.

There are 20 of them, today in biology they covered this topic!

I join alek20063 .
As experience shows, an increase in the IF muscle is a relatively simple matter. in relation to the stretching of the tunic.
And as for the bioadditives, I will agree, perhaps. I drink protein myself.

1. Valin
2. Histidine
3. Isoleucine
4. Leucine
5. Lysine
6. Methionine
7. Threonine
8. Tryptophan
9. Phenylalaine
10. Tyrosine
11. Cystine (Cysteine)
12. Alanine
13. Arginine
14. Asparagine
15. Glutamine
16. Glycine
17. Carnitine
18. Ornithine
19. Proline
20. Serine
21. Taurine
22. Glycocol

In addition to these 20 amino acids, called standard, in some proteins there are specific non-standard amino acids that are derivatives of standard.
Recently, selenocysteine ​​is sometimes ranked among standard amino acids.

And yes, I forgot to write 20 amino acids - these are standard ones, and so it seems like a whole bunch of them!

Someone like. some in the girth of the outgrowth are more difficult than in length.

about protein, without it pulled out.
difficulties in girth may be due not to the consumption of additional proteins, amines, pills?

Alik at one time, vigorous growth drank a lot of things. and not weakly grown. almost 2cm in circumference and 4cm in length


well, not so precisely in the first place - all these supplements are sports-oriented - a balanced diet will be sufficient
you will not believe - there is also a lot of saw-whiskar current - the pearl is bad
so all these supplements, hormones (without indications) - crap - novice gain is strength!

There is no strength in fanaticism in perseverance
as Alec20063 writes

Toko fan of his business will achieve his goal.


Oh well. what should we build a house? youthful maximalism.
power is in the head. I think Alik understood this in due time and correctly prioritized
and you have to do it. and any
if we say there will be no growth year? will you peck like that from the tander for another 2 years?
and when are you going to live?
sorry for offtopic

And if the options are zero? So only perseverance and break through the barrier.

Regarding the tunic. I just did not meet on the forum statements that tunic is the main deterrent to growth.
I would like to hear arguments, and maybe physical explanations in support of this action of this factor.

And one interesting image, in a section:

I didn’t think that everything is so complicated.
That is, it turns out that the ligaments located between the walls of the tunic, keep the tunic during the operating state of the inverter always in approximately cylindrical form.
From the thickness of these ligaments and the thickness of the protein shells themselves, as I understand it, the increase in the frequency depends. Ligaments are thin; width is increasing; ligaments are thick; length is increasing.

It’s easy to destroy the cells of this membrane, a simple pull should solve this problem.
The main thing is to restore in a larger volume. Based on the fact that the tunic protein coat, I believe protein is necessary for its restoration.
Here I will discuss the discussion of amino acids and proteins.

Protein from is a complex molecule. The material for the construction of such a molecule are amino acids. Amino acids are divided into interchangeable and irreplaceable, interchangeable, the body can synthesize itself, cannot be irreplaceable, they must be supplied to the body with food for normal life. The main question of the first post was intended to find out whether the use of any one (or group) amino acid affects the growth of IF (the growth of gaps, the growth of tunics, the growth of spongy bodies), of course, if the NUP is occupied.

Paraphrasing a question from the first post:

What essential amino acids did you use during your most rapid growth (NUPersky growth)?

I am also interested in the diet of NUPers who have achieved significant results, down to the most subtleties - Do you eat bread with or without crust, white or black, hard or soft, and the like. And so with respect to each product.

I noticed on this forum a great desire to share technical experience, how to do it and a small desire to share nutrition features.
I think it is nutrition that makes a big contribution to growth. It's like in bodybuilding, even if you work out all day in the gym seven days a week, and if there is no food, then nothing will grow.

Relatively misunderstood.
With this formulation of the question, we can go further and say, “Is it worth steaming and doing exercises that affect tissue growth.”

Anyway, how does this theory help us in growth?

For the growth of all body tissues, specific material is needed, for the growth of skeletal muscles - a sufficient amount of protein, for blood formation of beets, beef, and so on.
The purpose of creating this topic is to find the combination of nutrients that maximally positively affects the growth of tissue tissue.
The topic of exercises is discussed enough, everyone who wants to can find all the information he is interested in, but about nutrition 0.

Alik's opinion based on

would be very valuable.
Like what he ate in the little things. Until then, he ate hotter or slightly cooled dishes. All.

Just in this direction no one was digging. And then the bonanza of Nuperstvo. IMHO.

thanks stretcher .
So far, this is the only person who has shared his nutritional experience.

Question to those who have grown significantly:

What did you eat during this growth?

This is especially true for proteins. What protein, meat, fish, dairy, vegetable. What kind of meat, in what form, how many times, portion size, the use of spices and seasonings and the like.
Even if one answer is on one page of the forum, I am ready to analyze this.

so I will not.
After three months of classes, I would begin to think what was wrong, to look for reasons. Search another way. Just hollow is not that.
There are effective ways to achieve the goal, and I want to find them.

With that HOW to lay a brick everything is clear, with WHAT cement and a brick is necessary for our purposes nothing is clear.
And I think without the right selection of building materials you can’t build a skyscraper.
I hope for help in finding the right building materials for experienced comrades.

All this is wasted. Talked a hundred times. In To view the links, and in PM - another hundred pages.
In the most primitive version, take two people, with one, each piece of bread eaten is deposited in fat on the sides, as I have for example. And in the second one, he eats everything in unmeasured quantities, and at the same time slim as a stick, not a gram fat, you can study the anatomy. Move on. One doing hard physical work takes off fat and gets muscle relief and veins. In another, the muscles dry to the bone, but the subcutaneous fat does not go anywhere. And a hundred more options.This is the alphabet - each has its own individual individual metabolism, and that in sports, in diet, in NUP - diet, the composition of dishes is selected individually. That’s all the bonanza. Enough patience and perseverance to choose for yourself what suits you personally - well done. Not enough - well, they grow without it.

Such topics appear stably every six months. Or a new super - theory, or a new super - exercise. One sees the key to everything in the use of hormones, the other in products, the third in compression force with jelly, the fourth in time of day, and the fifth in supplements. And as a result, the one who plows grows. Right gemini 100%:

You can even say for a long time without saying that even if hormones, substances that can do anything with a person and their body, do not grow, any additives, proteins and carbohydrates will not grow it accurately. Nutrition can fulfill only one goal - to keep the body healthy and with a supply of energy, increase its regenerative properties, which will affect well-being and, consequently, exercise, recovery, etc. But no more than that.


I agree 100%. you need to choose the right program for growth, analyze, consult with your brothers, read theories (kfrt, biba. etc.)

the growth of a beginner gives an incentive, promotion. but each grows differently. the first 3 months 1,5 scored. then harder. fight for every mm.
the main thing in the cycle. 2-3 months strictly nupit without gaps, etc. (it is important to make a program correctly).
then cement for 2 months. not really straining. then rest. further cycle in a new way. the further you grow the more difficult

he is still a fan of NUP. not like me.

look for ways to motivate.
my opinion is to eat fully, proper nutrition. homemade hot meal. not preservatives, all sorts of hot dogs, burgers, etc. exclude alcohol (at least less), smoking.
I personally do not smoke, rarely drink. now threw it for a while. I eat meat every day (well, as without it. It's so unrealistic to live, it's in the blood.) I drink vitamins and no more.
By the way, another factor:
depression, problems, nerves. difficult period. restraining factor.

I agree. do not get so hung up on amine, in proteins

Another motivation factor. it's us all !! our forum !! if we all alone pulled a pussy then we would achieve little.
Respect and respect to all colleagues Nuper brothers


correctly noticed - thanks to communication I stayed here much longer - not to mention info and exchange of experience

for example, there are some nupers who did not immediately grow
To view the link

wrote above


may be. here already someone like.


there are a lot of reasons - from banal laziness to the individual characteristics of the body.

IMHO with a certain zeal, you can always grow, at least 1-1.5 cm

IMHO with a certain zeal, you can always grow, at least 1-1.5 cm

of course it is possible and much more possible I myself am a loser and do not consider what happened and what became - there is nothing to compare - I talked about another situation - I squeezed the maximum - there was a long stop, it is clear that the newcomer does not grow for other reasons.

On the above anatomical diagrams you can see the organ of interest to you, below are the details of its structure, functioning, possible diseases and methods for their treatment. If you still have questions, you can ask them in the Consultation section.

Upper urinary tract of a person


Cave bodies in men are responsible for the enlargement of the penis and its elasticity. If they function normally, then there will be no problems in sex life. In order for the cavernous bodies to fulfill their functions for as long as possible, it is necessary to stimulate them with the help of essential oils or by performing special exercises. If a man will be attentive to his intimate health, then his sexual life will be on top for a long enough time, delighting the macho himself and his partner.

How to prepare

The most important thing in a massage is having a specialist diploma. Ignorance of the anatomy, contraindications, methods and techniques of massage will only harm the person and cause a lot of problems and complications. A homemade massage can successfully replace a quack session - the effect will be the same. Therefore, the basic rules for preparing for prostate massage are:

  1. The choice of a competent and experienced specialist, and no need to rely on self-massage.
  2. In the morning, on the day of the session, you need to cleanse your rectum from feces yourself. This will help microclyster.
  3. Make a toilet of the perineum and anus or take a shower.
  4. 30-40 minutes before the start of the session, it is recommended to drink about 1 liter of water, since it is advisable to massage with a full bladder. This approach allows you to achieve the required contact of the finger and prostate gland, which is impossible to do yourself.

Preparation for prostate massage is simple and not complicated and does not require much effort from the patient, it can be done independently. The client comes to the session at the allotted time, and the doctor proceeds to massage. It is important to know that a competent specialist will never begin manipulation without making sure that there are no contraindications that the patient cannot diagnose to himself. These include:

  • Hemorrhoids,
  • Proctitis, paraproctitis or cracks in the anus,
  • Fever,
  • Chronic prostatitis in the acute stage.

Massage stroke

This procedure is used not only for the treatment of diseases, but also for diagnostic purposes. During the massage, prostate juice is intensively secreted. If the doctor considers it necessary, he will collect the excreted liquid in a special container and send it to the laboratory for analysis. Performing self-massage of the prostate gland, a man is unlikely to be able to collect material for analysis and independently assess the condition of the gland.

Stage 1

The man frees the body from clothes below the waist and is located on the couch in a knee-elbow position or on his side with legs brought to his chest. This position allows you to relax the muscles of the pelvic floor and create favorable conditions for manipulation. It is possible to massage while standing. For this, the patient rests with his chest on a table or a high couch, forming a right angle between the body and legs.

2 stage

The doctor washes his hands, puts on sterile gloves and lubricates the patient’s finger and anus with a special gel or petroleum jelly. The doctor introduces the index finger into the anus of the patient to a depth of 5-7 centimeters. Having felt the prostate, the urologist assesses its size, texture, sensitivity, as well as the condition of the surrounding tissues. Agree, without knowing the anatomy and diseases of the organ, it is impossible to massage yourself. Self-massage of the prostate will be simply useless. Even a loved one, performing rotational or translational movements in the rectum of a man, does anything but massage.

3 stage

After the doctor evaluates the condition of the organ, he proceeds to perform the manipulation. With careful movements, first one lobe of the gland is stroked, then another along the excretory ducts. At the beginning of the massage, the movements are soft and careful, and the doctor focuses on the well-being of the patient. Then the intensity increases, but the procedure does not bring negative feelings.

Massage of the prostate gland is completed by conducting along the central groove of the organ to the outside. In total, manual exposure to the prostate lasts about 2 minutes. On his own, a man cannot massage the organ and achieve the desired effect for anatomical reasons.

The number of sessions is assigned by the urologist. Most often, this effect on the prostate is carried out once a week for a month. It is impossible to massage a glandular organ on its own, but for a more effective treatment, a man can independently perform exercises of special therapeutic exercises. Therefore, there is no need to puzzle over the question of how to do prostate massage yourself, but entrust it to professionals. Alas, many years of observation give the right to say that self-massage of the prostate does more harm to health than good.

Acute pain in the penis indicates serious problems. And one of them - cavernitis - inflammation of the cavernous bodies of the penis . This is a rather rare pathology that develops in men as a result of introducing infection into the cavernous (cavernous) bodies. Most often, this occurs with inflammatory or traumatic injuries of the urethra.

The main function of the cavernous bodies is to provide an erection of the penis. And any pathology can lead to serious problems in the sexual life of men.

Impotence Injections

Most often, drugs such as Kaverhekt (Alprostadil) and Papaverine are used to treat potency by injection.

Papaverine, getting into the cavernous bodies of the penis, relaxes the smooth muscles of the organ, which contributes to a more active flow of blood into the penis and the appearance of an erection.

The number and frequency of injections, and the dose of Papaverine is selected by the doctor. Before use, the drug is combined with a solution of sodium chloride.

There are a number of contraindications for papaverine:

  • Elderly age.
  • Liver failure.
  • Tendency to allergic reactions.
  • Diseases of the adrenal glands and cardiovascular system.
  • Glaucoma
  • Traumatic brain injury.
  • It is forbidden to use the drug while intoxicated.

If the dose is exceeded, a drop in pressure, nausea, digestive upset, tachycardia are possible. Dizziness and drowsiness may occur.


Alprostadil is the active substance of the drug Kaverzhekt. This remedy, like Papaverine, has a relaxing effect on the smooth muscle fibers of the penis and improves its blood supply. The outflow of blood in the veins is reduced, which makes the erection more stable.

The action of the drug provides an erect state of the organ within 3 hours and begins 10 minutes after administration.

The drug should not be used in such cases:

  • Age is less than 18 years.
  • Tendency to allergic reactions to the components of the drug.
  • Narrowing of the urethra.
  • Cases of priapism in the past.
  • Implants in the genitals.

Possible complications from the application:

  • Bruising and soreness at the puncture site.
  • Allergic manifestations.
  • Attacks of convulsions.
  • Rapid urination.
  • Violation of ejaculation.
  • Pressure reduction.
  • Tachycardia.
  • Priapism.
  • Bleeding from the urethra.
  • Fibrous changes in the tissues of the penis.

According to men who have tested intracavernous injections, the effect of the application is certainly there. Having familiarized themselves with the method using the Internet, without visiting a doctor, many decided to check the effect of injections on themselves.

The first fear of an injection in the most sensitive place was not immediately, but overcome. In fact, the pain during the injection is insignificant and does not differ from the injection into the usual parts of the body. An erection occurred a few minutes after administration of the drug and lasted about 3 hours.

Some men noted the appearance of slight nausea after application and more frequent urge to urinate. Basically, the method met their expectations. But after the cessation of injections, the problem returned again.

Doctor's recommendations

According to experts, the use of Kaverzhekt or more budget Papaverine in the form of injections to improve potency can only be effective as a temporary restoration of an erection. Over time, an increase in dosage may be required, and a long course of injections can lead to priapism or fibrotic changes in the penis.

In addition, if the weakening of potency arose against the backdrop of psychological problems, then without psychotherapy drugs will not produce results at all. Given the large number of possible side effects, it is more advisable to choose another method for correcting erectile dysfunction with the doctor.

Penis injury

Often there are cases when during too active movements during intercourse, trauma to the corpora cavernosa or even a fracture of the penis occurs. But if the fracture is a severe and sharply developing pathological condition, then trauma to the cavernous bodies without rupture may, at first glance, be not such an obvious problem.

Fracture of the cavernous body or fracture of the penis occurs more often in the pose when the partner is on top and makes too active movements. When the penis is exposed to great physical strength at the moment when the penis is erect, the protein membrane breaks and the cavernous body fractures. This condition is accompanied by the occurrence of instant subcutaneous hemorrhage with the development of extensive hematoma and deformation of the body of the penis. Penile fracture requires immediate medical attention, since the risk of complications in the future is very high. With minor injuries or tears, hemorrhage in the penis and deformation do not occur, but after a while a condition such as fibrosis of the cavernous bodies forms.

Cavernous fibrosis

Cavernous fibrosis develops in men of any age with a predisposition to fibrosis. The fibrosis process is very slow. During the progression of the pathological condition, the elastic tissue of the cavernous bodies is gradually replaced by rigid connective tissue strands that do not have sufficient elasticity and elasticity.

Ultimately, with advanced fibrosis of the corpora cavernosa, sclerosis of the cavernous bodies occurs, which entails a permanent loss of male penis erection.

The most common cause of progression of cavernous fibrosis is a condition with a pathologically long erection - priapism.

Excessive erection duration leads to overstretching of the walls of the cavernous bodies and their local inflammation. Inflammation of the corpus cavernosum leads to vascular spasm and a decrease in trophic tissue of the penis of a man, which entails a loss of elasticity and a restructuring of the cellular components of the cavernous bodies with a predominance of fibrous connective tissue.

With the development of fibrosis, the visually external male genital organs are slightly deformed, the penis becomes unusually dense and decreases in size.

Disease classification

According to the nature of the course of the inflammatory process, they are distinguished acute and chronic cavernitis . More often, the disease proceeds in an acute form, with the development of a limited inflammatory infiltrate, which is felt in the form of a painful compaction. In this case, the body temperature suddenly rises, the penis swells, severe pain appears. The appearance of spontaneous and very painful erections is characteristic.

The chronic form usually develops as a primary chronic process with gonorrhea urethritis, in some cases a consequence of an untreated acute illness. The inflammatory process affects the cavernous body of the urethra with the formation of painful infiltrates of various sizes. It differs in more meager than in the acute form, symptoms.

By origin, there are distracting and syphilitic cavernitis. The fracture form develops when an infectious agent penetrates through the urethra. The process is accompanied by the formation of painful purulent nodules. The syphilitic form is characterized by the presence of infiltrates on the cavernous bodies of the penis, and not the urethra.

Erectile disfunction

The most common condition that causes a man to seek advice and medical assistance from a specialist urologist or sexologist. Impaired penile erection may be associated with pathology in the anatomical structure of the corpora cavernosa, which leads to functional failure or may be a psychological problem.In the second case, erectile dysfunction does not occur as a result of pathology from the cavernous bodies and can be quite easily corrected, but in the case of organic lesions of the tissues of the cavernous bodies, things are more serious.

Erectile dysfunction can occur due to impaired sensitivity and innervation of the lacunar and trabecular systems, which are responsible for the blood supply to the cavernous and spongy bodies during an erection. In other cases, the blood supply is impaired due to severe deformation of the corpora cavernosa and disturbances in the protein coat. In any case, erectile dysfunction leads to persistent impossibility of sexual intercourse, which makes a man functionally infertile.

Causes and symptoms of the disease

The development of the inflammatory process in the cavernous bodies of the penis is usually of gonorrheal origin. The causative agent of the infection enters with the flow of lymph or blood from the inflammatory focus located in another organ, forming a diffuse or limited inflammatory process.

The main provoking factors of exacerbation of the disease are:

  • Penile injury accompanied by damage to the cavernous bodies
  • Acute urethritis
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Chronic infectious disease (tonsillitis, flu, osteomyelitis)

The onset of the disease is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Temperature increase up to 40 ° С
  • Chills, headache
  • Severe pain in the penis
  • Penile edema
  • Painful erection accompanied by curvature of the penis


Treatment of pathological conditions associated with anatomical features or the malfunctioning of the cavernous bodies can be completely different. Treatment can be conservative, surgical and combined. In some cases, in the absence of pathology, consultation with a psychotherapist or sexologist can help. Treatment of cavernous bodies is a complex process that requires endurance and patience from a man.

Conservative treatment consists in prescribing to a man drugs that affect the formation and metabolic processes in the connective tissue of the body. Drugs can be both systemic and local action. Often used topical preparations that enhance metabolism in the tissues of the penis and enhance the elasticity of the walls of the corpora cavernosa. Apply drugs that include anti-inflammatory, enzymatic substances that can increase the elasticity of connective tissue. With trauma to the protein membrane and hemorrhage in the subcutaneous region of the body of the penis, a conservative treatment is also possible, which consists in the use of an ointment containing heparin. Heparin allows you to effectively deal with hematomas and prevents the development of fibrous connective tissue, which causes deformation of the penis.

This is a minimally invasive treatment method when a specialist urologist performs a series of injections into the cavernous bodies. For microinjections, papaverine is used - a substance better known as No-shpa. The drug is an antispasmodic, when introduced into the corpora cavernosa, leads to normalization of erection, and also relieves vascular spasm, which improves trophic tissue of the penis. Injections are made using an insulin syringe with the thinnest needle for less trauma to the penis and the albumen itself.

Surgery is required when the disease has gone too far, i.e. the patient has a pronounced deformation of the penis in combination with a persistent loss of erection. Both cavernous bodies can be removed followed by plastic surgery and replaced with silicone implants, and cavernous bodies can be restored.

Recovery is a microsurgical operation in which the anatomical integrity of a torn protein membrane is restored or sections are excised in places of severe deformation of the penis. Plaques are removed and, with proper postoperative therapy, no longer progress. To eliminate severe deformation, it is possible to create special folds on the opposite side of the penis body from curvature.

After surgery, it is very important to follow all the recommendations of the attending physician, since the lack of adequate therapy can lead to the re-development of the fibrous component in the cavernous bodies.

Pretumor pathology of the penis

Precancerous conditions (neoplasia) of the penis - changes in the cells that can trigger the development of cancer. Often patients do not attach importance to changes in the appearance of the sexual

Detail Penis Cracks

The appearance of cracks in the penis contribute to some diseases, improper hygiene and masturbation. Damage to the penis causes discomfort and interferes with sexual life.

Detail Pearl Papules on the penis

Pearly penile papules are small (1-3 mm) domed or filiform formations of flesh, yellowish, whitish color, sometimes translucent. More often located

The cavernous body of the penis: structure, function, trauma, treatment, injection

The cavernous body of the penis is one of the main functionally active units that plays a shaping, skeleton and erectile function in this organ. It is the cavernous bodies

Clinics and doctors

  • Clinics in your city
  • Doctors of your city

Dangerous effects

In the absence of timely treatment, the disease can go to the stage of abscess formation at the site of inflammatory infiltrate. An abscess can at any time break through both outward and into the lumen of the urethra, leading to a serious complication of the disease.

As a result, the connecting partitions of the cavernous bodies die off, and in the future - the formation of coarse sclerotic tissue in their place, which leads to deformation of the penis during erection. As a result, normal sexual intercourse becomes impossible, and men in this case often have problems with potency.

How does an erection in men?

In providing the function of erection, the leading role is given to the penis. The penis is needed for the act of copulation, the conduct of sperm (ejaculate) in the woman's vagina, as well as the removal of urine from the body through the urethra.

An increase in the size of the penis in an erection state is achieved by changing the level of blood filling of the cavernous bodies of the penis. With age, changes occur that affect the functional state of the reproductive system. If in young men an erection occurs in the same way as in mature men, the size and hardness of the penis depend only on the individual characteristics of the body.

The male genital organ (penis, penis) consists of a root that attaches to the pubic bones and a trunk that ends with the head. In the structure of the trunk of the penis, three bodies are distinguished, two paired and one unpaired. Inside the penis are two cavernous (cavernous) bodies of a cylindrical shape.

The posterior ends of the cavernous bodies are attached to the pubic bones, and the anterior ones are located under the head. The cavernous bodies grow together and are densely covered with a fibrous capsule (protein coat). Below them is a spongy body, inside of which the urethra passes.

The latter is designed to remove urine from the bladder.

The cavernous bodies of the penis have a specific structure. The structure of these formations is very similar to the system of caves or cells. Caves (sinusoids) are gaps lined from within by vascular tissue (endothelium) and filled with blood.The walls of these spaces are formed by connective tissue and smooth muscle fibers. The latter provide expansion and contraction of sinusoids.

With age, connective tissue in the male genital organ begins to prevail, thereby reducing the extensibility of the penis, which reduces the ability to have full sexual intercourse.

The cells are interconnected by special ducts, which during an erection are in an expanded state and provide a free relationship between the cells. As a result of these changes, the cavernous bodies constitute a single functioning system.

The head of the penis is characterized by a soft structure, which during intercourse plays the role of a shock absorber between the hard tissue of the penis and the genitals of a woman.

On the head of the penis is a vertically oriented gap (the external opening of the urethra), where the urethra opens. At the base of the head is a free fold called the foreskin.

The foreskin connects to the skin of the head of the frenulum.

Arterial inflow to the genitals is due to a group of arteries in the scrotum and dorsal artery. Small arteries flow into sinusoids. In a relaxed state, the small arteries of the penis are in a reduced state, and the sinusoids are maximally compressed.

Venous outflow of blood is due to the deep veins of the penis and vein of the bulb. The latter fall into the venous plexus, located in the lower third of the penis and consisting of several connecting between the veins. At rest, blood flow in the penis is minimal, performing a nourishing function.

More detailed changes in blood circulation in the penis will be discussed below.

An erection is an increase in the volume of the penis compared with a state of rest. The mechanical hardness that occurs during an erection is necessary for the implementation of sexual intercourse.

The following types of erection are distinguished:

  • spontaneous - manifests itself without the participation of human consciousness and often occurs during sleep or in the morning,
  • psychogenic - arises under the influence of thoughts of a sexual nature or when exposed to the senses, which a person perceives as sexual (stimulating speech, breathing, smell of perfume, accidental body touches, memories, dreams, etc.),
  • reflexogenic - manifests itself as a result of a reaction to touching the genitals.

The first physiological erection can occur in a 5-6 year old boy, and it is not associated with sexual thoughts. Doctors suggest that at this age this process is regarded as a kind of test on the subject of the body’s health.

During puberty, guys may experience a constant erection - this is a normal and natural phenomenon, indicating the normal development of the male body. The maximum erectile function is observed in men for 20-30 years, then there is a gradual decrease in erectile function. A complete lack of erection occurs at the age of 50 years and older.

Again, the above terms are arbitrary and largely depend on the individual characteristics of the body and the lifestyle that a man leads.

In the process of erection, three main components play a role:

  • expansion of the arterial bed of the penis,
  • relaxation of the muscular apparatus of the cavernous bodies,
  • violation of the venous outflow.

For example, if a suitable sexual partner appears in the field of vision, then special signals enter the male brain.

Information is sent directly to that part of the brain that is the center responsible for erection (the medial preoptic region of the hypothalamus).

From there, nerve impulses entering the spinal cord are transmitted through the nerve fibers (sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system) to the penis.

In a state of sexual arousal, the smooth muscles of the corpus cavernosum are relaxed and sinusoids are stretched, and the lengthening and expansion of the small arteries are observed, which ultimately leads to the active filling of the corpus cavernosum cells with arterial blood. Filled sinusoids lead to compression of the venous plexus. As a result of these changes, venous outflow is disturbed and the penis increases in size.

Only a small number of veins remain open in order to ensure a constant blood exchange even at the peak of an erection.

Depending on the tone of the smooth muscles of the penis, the blood supply to the sinusoids of the corpus cavernosum changes. The following phases (stages) of erection are distinguished:

  1. 1. The phase of a relaxed state (rest). The tone of the sympathetic nervous system prevails, small arteries and muscles of the cavernous bodies are reduced. The remaining minimal blood flow through the arteries performs only a nourishing function. There is a free outflow of venous blood.
  2. 2. The filling phase. After sexual stimulation, the tone of the parasympathetic nervous system rises. As a result, there is an increase in blood flow through the internal genital and cavernous arteries without any changes in systemic blood pressure. The penis lengthens, but the pressure inside the corpora cavernosa remains unchanged.
  3. 3. Tumescence phase (swelling). There is an increase in blood flow compared with the previous phase by 30-60 times and a rapid increase in pressure inside the cavernous bodies. Relaxation of the smooth muscles of the corpus cavernosum causes the filling of the sinusoids of the penis with blood and an erection. At the end of this phase, there is a decrease in arterial blood flow.
  4. 4. The phase of complete erection. The corpora cavernosa are filled with blood and cause compression of the venous plexus. As a result, the outflow of blood (veno-occlusive mechanism) decreases and the pressure inside the cavernous bodies increases. The latter reaches a level that is less than systolic blood pressure by 10–20 mmHg.
  5. 5. Rigid phase. The pressure inside the cavernous bodies continues to increase and already exceeds systolic pressure, as a result, the bulbocavernous and ischiocavernous muscles contract, and as a result, these changes lead to a rigid (solid) erection.
  6. 6. The transition phase. Increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system leads to restoration of the tone of the spiral arteries of the penis and smooth muscles. Veno-occlusive mechanism is still active. Arterial blood flow is reduced.
  7. 7. The phase of initial detumescence. There is a moderate decrease in pressure inside the cavernous bodies, which indicates the restoration of venous outflow and a decrease in arterial flow.
  8. 8. The phase of detumescence. The pressure inside the cavernous bodies drops rapidly and the veno-occlusive mechanism is turned off. As a result of these processes, the penis returns to a relaxed state.

After completion of ejaculation (ejaculation), a refractory period is observed when the man can no longer be aroused.

There are a number of factors that contribute to reducing erection:

  • sedentary lifestyle (leads to stagnant processes in the pelvic organs),
  • night or shift work,
  • stress at work or in personal life, depression, self-doubt, etc.
  • hormonal disorders (low androgen levels reduce sexual arousal),
  • prostatitis,
  • diabetes mellitus (leads to damage to the cardiovascular system, which leads to a decrease in the flow of arterial blood to the cavernous bodies),
  • diseases of the nervous system (spinal cord injury),
  • taking alcohol and drugs,
  • side effect of taking antidepressants.

With prolonged use of drugs and alcohol, receptors that stimulate an erection atrophy and lose their sensitivity.

To prolong their sex life, doctors recommend that a man lead an active lifestyle without bad habits. It is also necessary to limit the use of animal fats and preservatives, conduct hardening procedures and take a contrast shower. It stimulates the nervous system, has a beneficial effect on the blood circulation and general well-being of men.

If a man has various disorders of erectile function, you should seek medical help from a urologist or andrologist.

How to cure cavernitis?

- An inflammatory process that occurs in the cavernous (cavernous) bodies of the penis. Cavernitis is accompanied by the appearance of painful compaction of the penis, its swelling, flushing of the skin, spontaneous erection, fever, intoxication syndrome. Perhaps the formation of an abscess of the corpora cavernosa with subsequent breakthrough of the abscess in the urethra. Diagnosis of cavernitis includes ultrasound of the penis, PCR examination and bacteriological culture of the discharge from the urethra, if necessary - urethroscopy. In the treatment of acute cavernitis, antibiotic therapy and physiotherapy are used. When suppuration, an opening of the abscess is shown, with fibrous deformation of the penis - falloprosthetics.

General information

Cavernitis is an infectious and inflammatory disease of the penis characterized by lesions of the cavernous (cavernous) bodies. In urology and andrology, cavernitis is much less common than other inflammatory diseases of the male genital area (urethritis, prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis, balanoposthitis, etc.). Nevertheless, cavernitis is a very dangerous pathology, the consequences of which can affect the quality of sexual life and male fertility. Therefore, every man should be aware of the possible causes, signs and complications of cavernitis.

The penis is formed by two cavernous (cavernous) bodies and one spongy (spongy) body, which are covered on top with easily displaced skin. The right and left cavernous bodies have a cylindrical shape, in their structure the distal part (apex, apex), the middle part and the proximal part (leg) are distinguished. Parallel to the ventral surface of the cavernous bodies is the spongy body of the penis, in the thickness of which the urethra passes. When cavernous in the inflammatory process, not only cavernous bodies can be involved, but also the spongy body of the penis. The main functional purpose of the cavernous bodies is to ensure and maintain an erection. Therefore, the danger of cavernitis is that the disease can contribute to the development of erectile dysfunction.

Medical preparations

Achieving a confident erection, even with very poor blood flow to the penis, will help PDE-5 inhibitors: Viagra, Cialis, Levitra. The main condition is the presence of sexual arousal. The drugs stimulate the expansion of the walls of the corpora cavernosa and their rapid blood supply. An erection will be not only complete, but also prolonged. The effect is enough for several sexual acts.

PDE-5 Inhibitors are prescription. Admission without a doctor’s prescription is fraught with severe side effects.

Click on image to enlarge

To enhance blood flow to the penis, potency-enhancing dietary supplements can be used. They usually include extracts of ginseng, eleutherococcus, pepper, burning flour, various aphrodisiacs. Examples of drugs:

Such funds are not recommended for men with diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Ekaterina Makarova, a urologist, tells about the advantages and disadvantages of dietary supplements

Causes of Cavernitis

Cavernitis may be the result of direct trauma or the spread of infection to the cavernous bodies of the penis.In the first case, the development of cavernitis is preceded by injuries of the penis or surgical operations, accompanied by damage to the cavernous bodies. Post-injection cavernitis occurs as a result of intracavernous administration of drugs or other chemicals. Bilateral cavernitis may be a complication of prolonged bladder catheterization with a Foley catheter.

Infectious cavernitis in most cases is a complication of acute nonspecific or specific urethritis (usually gonorrheal etiology). In this case, pathogens can penetrate into the corpora cavernosa, both hematogenously and during microtraumatization of the mucous membrane of the urethra when a smear is taken. Lymphogenic spread of the infection to the corpora cavernosa is observed in the presence of common purulent-inflammatory diseases (carbuncle, tonsillitis, caries, sinusitis, osteomyelitis, sepsis, etc.). A special form of inflammation of the corpora cavernosa is syphilitic cavernitis.

Pumps and massage

Vacuum erection or hydraulic pumps are the fastest and most effective method of increasing blood flow to the body and head of the penis. With the help of these devices, it is possible to improve the elasticity of blood vessels and increase the size of the organ. They should be used carefully to avoid hematomas and accumulations of lymph in the foreskin. Abuse will lead to a temporary loss of erection.

Advantages of the hydraulic pump (click on the image to enlarge)

You can also increase the speed of blood supply to the penis through special exercises. The safest is classic jelking: massage the penis trunk with a ring of thumb and forefinger.

Cavernitis classification

Depending on the course of the inflammatory process, cavernitis can be acute and chronic (spongiositis). In this case, acute inflammation of the corpora cavernosa may be limited or diffuse, single or double-sided.

Taking into account the origin, two forms of cavernitis are distinguished - obstructive and syphilitic. With a reversible cavity, the inflammatory process from the urethral mucosa extends to the submucosal tissue, and then to the spongy and cavernous body. The consequence of these processes is the formation of painful nodules, which under the influence of treatment can dissolve without a trace or remain in place, leading to desolation of the cavernous bodies and deformation of the penis. It is also possible abscessing the site with the subsequent breakthrough of pus into the urethra or out.

Syphilitic cavernitis is observed in patients in the tertiary period of syphilis. Inflammatory nodules (gum) primarily occur in the cavernous bodies of the penis, are difficult to treat, but usually do not disappear at all.

Stimulant drugs

Special stimulating creams, sprays and gels sold in intimate stores will help to quickly and safely increase blood flow to the genitals. For instance:

  • Spring Hot Extaz,
  • Sextaz-M,
  • Ero Prorino Erection Cream.

Means warm the penis, stimulate an erection and increase the sensitivity of the head by activating the flow of blood to the corpora cavernosa and skin. The composition includes oils, extracts of plant aphrodisiacs. You can increase blood flow by a regular massage with heparin ointment (read about the use of heparin ointment to improve potency).

Symptoms of Cavernitis

The clinic of acute cavernitis is pronounced, while the symptoms of inflammation occur suddenly and develop with lightning speed. Acute cavernitis usually manifests with febrile fever (38-39 ° C), chills, weakness, headache, and inguinal lymphadenitis. There is a sharp pain in the penis, a prolonged, almost non-decreasing spontaneous erection causes difficulty in urination, sometimes acute urinary retention. With unilateral inflammation of the cavernous body, the penis bends towards the lesion.Even with a decrease in erection, puffiness and thickening of the penis, hyperemia of the skin, remain. On palpation of the penis, along the cavernous bodies, a dense infiltration is felt, the touch of which causes a sharp pain.

The next stage in the development of acute cavernitis is the formation of an abscess, which most often opens into the lumen of the urethra. An abscess breakthrough is accompanied by an improvement in overall well-being, a decrease in pain and swelling of the penis, and the release of a large amount of fetid pus from the urethra. Together with pus, the necrotic connective tissue partitions of the cavernous bodies are rejected, which is subsequently accompanied by a violation of the blood supply to the caverns and leads to erectile dysfunction.

Following the opening of the abscess, the stage of sclerotherapy occurs: scar tissue forms on the site of the emptied abscess, causing curvature of the penis during erection (Peyronie's disease). It also makes sexual intercourse difficult or impossible. Chronic cavernitis occurs with erased symptoms - mild pain in the penis, painful erections, the formation of foci of compaction in the penis of various shapes and lengths, erectile dysfunction.

Physical exercise

A simple tool for quickly activating blood flow in the pelvis is squats or lifting legs from a prone position. These exercises effectively pump blood to the penis.

To improve the state of blood vessels and control intimate muscles, you can master the Kegel training technique. The desired area is easy to feel with urinary retention. Regular exercises will relieve stagnant processes, improve the functioning of the prostate.

About the benefits of exercises tells the doctor, urologist andrologist Research Institute of Urology. N. A. Lopatkina Khizri Zakirovich Khizriev

Diagnosis of cavernitis

If a painful seal appears in the penis, you should immediately contact a urologist or andrologist. After clarification of the complaints and circumstances of the disease, examination and palpation of the external genitalia, the specialist directs the patient to additional studies necessary for a correct diagnosis.

The laboratory stage of diagnosis of cavernitis includes a smear microscopy, bacteriological culture of urine and urethra, PCR and RIF scrapings from the urogenital tract, culture for the presence of gonorrhea, RPR test and other tests. A patient with gonorrheal or syphilitic cavernitis should be consulted by a venereologist. The most important method of instrumental diagnosis of cavernitis is ultrasound of the penis. In chronic cavernitis, conduction may be indicated.

At the stage of abscess formation, surgical intervention is indicated - a deep longitudinal section of the cavernous bodies and drainage of the purulent cavity. In the case of gangrene, an emergency operation of amputation of the genital organ is indicated. During the formation of fibrotic deformity, surgical correction of the curvature of the penis is performed; with erectile dysfunction, penile replacement (falloprosthetics) may be required.

Surgical methods

Surgical methods are used in case of damage to the structure of the cavernous bodies of the penis or impaired patency of the supply arteries, when it is impossible to improve blood supply without removing obstacles.

Sometimes conservative methods are used: taking blood-thinning medications, applying ointments, injections of absorbable drugs. If there is insufficient blood supply to the member, doctors connect adjacent arteries (revascularization).

Prediction and prevention of cavernitis

Timely appeal to the urologist-andrologist and adequate therapy, taken at the initial stage, can cure cavernitis without long-term consequences.In the case of a complicated course, cavernitis can lead to organic impotence and male infertility. Restoration of sexual function in this case will be possible only with the help of falloprosthetics methods.

Prevention of cavernitis is the prevention of penile injuries, timely treatment of urethritis, as well as inflammatory and infectious processes of another localization. An important role is played by the prevention of STIs, the rejection of random sexual relations, and the use of barrier contraception.

The penis is formed by two cavernous and one spongy bodies. Two cavernous bodies of the penis of a cylindrical shape with somewhat pointed ends are attached to the lower branches of the pubic bones. Both bodies converge under the pubic symphysis and then fuse together, forming on the lower surface of the groove where the spongy body of the penis lies, ending in front of the head, the posterior end of the spongy body forms a bulb located in the thickness of the perineum (Fig. 193). The cavernous and spongy bodies are covered with a dense connective tissue membrane that is devoid of muscle fibers, which is absent only on the glans penis. The processes (trabeculae), which are formed by a dense fibrous connective tissue containing many smooth muscle cells and elastic fibers, extend from the inner surface of the membrane. Trabeculae branch into the tissue of the spongy and cavernous bodies and are intertwined. Between them a system of cells forms (gaps, caverns), which are wide blood capillaries. The blood to the cavernous bodies is delivered mainly by the deep artery of the penis, which breaks up into branches that go along the trabeculae. With a calm state of the penis, they are crimped, which gave reason to call them curly or cochlear. Arteries open directly into cells (caverns). The lumen of these arteries is wide, and their walls have a thick muscle shell, in addition, the inner shell of the arteries is thickened due to additional bundles of smooth muscle fibers that close the lumen when the vascular wall contracts. The muscle layer is also well developed in the walls of the veins. The main role in erection is played by the smooth muscle cells of arteries, arterioles, and sinusoidal capillaries. With an erection, the size of the penis increases dramatically, it straightens, becomes dense, ready for


If, to achieve a confident erection, additional stimulation of blood flow is constantly needed, then you need to see a doctor to find out the reasons. Periodically, doing such manipulations simply to enhance sensations is useful. Vascular training helps to improve the physical shape of the organ and a slight increase in its size.

The cavernous body of the penis: penis structure, function, disease, treatment of cavernous bodies

The cavernous body is the structural unit of the penis, which takes a direct part in the process of erection, contributing to its enlargement and hardening.

The cavernous bodies are formed from the erectile tissue of the penis of men. Their structure is similar to a sponge consisting of epithelial cells. There are two paired bodies and one unpaired - spongy body.

Structure and function

The anatomy of the cavernous body includes 3 elements:

  • the distal part, which is located on top,
  • Middle
  • · Proximal part or leg.

Among the main tasks, ensuring the process of penis erection that occurs during sexual arousal in men. Their structure includes a cavernous tissue, covered with a membrane and representing a lot of cells - caverns.

Caverns have the ability to change volume by increasing or decreasing the tone of the trabecular fibers that form the cells. The blood vessels through which blood flows to the caverns are called arterioles.

With sexual desire in men, nitric oxide is released, due to which the trabecular fibers relax and an increase in the distance between arterioles occurs.

Increased blood flow causes the filling of caverns with blood and an increase in the volume of cavernous tissue. The reverse outflow of blood goes through the plexus of veins located under the so-called protein membrane. When the cavernous tissue enlarges, the venous plexuses are pressed against the membrane, which partially blocks the outflow of blood and fixes the erect condition of the penis.

When sexual activity is completed, norepinephrine is released, which affects the trabecular fibers, increasing their tone. This process helps to reduce the erectile process and the reverse outflow of blood from the penis.

The normal functioning of the cavernous bodies has a direct effect on the sex life of men.

So, with weak blood flow or increased outflow of blood from the corpus cavernosum, as well as with damage to nerves, damage to the cavernous tissue, men have impaired sexual function. If cavernous disease is not treated, complications can lead to impotence.

Features of blood supply to the cavernous bodies

Arterial blood flow in the genitals of men is carried out by two genital arteries located in the penis. The main artery of male dignity is divided into two vessels: the dorsal (providing blood flow to the head of the penis) and the cavernous branch.

Once in the cavernous body, the artery “breaks up” into small vessels that fill the cavernous tissue with blood. Some of these vessels have a spiral shape, which is why they are called "cochlear arteries."

Arterial blood circulation of the penis is represented by many vessels and a complex structure, however, cavernous vessels are important for erection.

Venous blood flow is carried out due to small venules, which, when combined, form a plexus. In the upper part of the corpus cavernosum, venules pass into the outlet vessels, which cross the albumen, forming enveloping veins.

The skin of the penis produces venous outflow of blood through the superficial dorsal vein, which is emptied in the saphenous veins.

Advice to men

Men react painfully to problems with potency. Regardless of the reason that led to failure in bed, they try to find an effective way to restore male strength, but stubbornly avoid a visit to the doctor.

But thoughtless self-medication does not always live up to expectations. The absence of a result or the appearance of complications - such is the possible outcome of experiments on one's health. Only with the help of a specialist can you find the cause of the pathology and choose a truly effective method of treatment.

In this regard, many members of the stronger sex are wondering: how to increase the thickness of the penis? Experts in the field of andrology argue that increasing the length of the penis is much easier than its girth. To extend the phallus, special orthopedic devices (extenders, stretchers) and manual techniques aimed at stretching the tissues have been developed.

In turn, a thickening of the penis can only occur due to tissue buildup or an increase in the volume of cellular structures in the corpora cavernosa. From today's publication you will learn about the most effective massage techniques, operations and simulators that help to increase the reproductive organ in volume.

Inflammation of the cavernous bodies

A disease in which inflammation of the cavernous bodies of the penis occurs is called cavernitis. This pathology, as a rule, proceeds in an acute form, causes severe pain and negatively affects the sexual function of men.

The cause of the disease is an infection that enters the cavernous body of the penis. The most common pathogen is gonorrhea. Bacteria initially enter the urethra and then spread.

  • A factor that contributes to the spread of infection and the onset of the disease may be microtrauma of the mucous membrane caused by taking a smear from the penis.
  • Other causes of cavernitis in men can be diseases such as inflammation of the urethra, tonsillitis, and trauma to the penis, which caused damage to the cavernous body.
  • Inflammation can be transmitted from any other affected organ along with blood and lymph.

The most pronounced symptom of cavernitis is acute pain in the penis, in the absence of treatment, its increase over time occurs. The skin of the penis becomes red and swollen.

In some cases, the occurrence of an involuntary erection, the appearance of which is associated with a violation of blood flow in the body, and not sexual desire. When touched, the pain intensifies, at the site of inflammation, you can feel a dense swollen thickening.

The next phase of the development of the disease is suppuration. When the abscess is opened, pus enters the urethra. This stage is characterized by the fact that the condition improves slightly, and the pain becomes not so pronounced. During urination, a large volume of pus is released from the canal along with urine.

The third phase of the development of the disease is called sclerosis. The place where the abscess was opened is covered with scar tissue, which leads to deformation of the penis and interferes with a full sexual life. The pain may appear periodically, but its manifestation will not be as severe as at the initial stage. Launched cavernitis becomes chronic.

It slowly progresses, with an increase in tightness and even greater deformation of the penis.

If severe pain occurs, you can not self-medicate or conduct symptomatic therapy. The drugs will temporarily relieve pain, but the process of suppuration and deformation will continue, and it will be much more difficult to fix it than to prevent it.

About Anatomy

Before you increase the thickness of the penis, it is worth understanding the mechanisms that contribute to the increase in tissue volume in the penis. If you do not resort to surgical operations, it will be possible to affect the parameters of the penis only by artificially retaining a large amount of blood in tissues capable of blood supply. These include the so-called cavernous bodies, which are located along the trunk of the penis.

Cavernous (cavernous) bodies are the structural units of erectile tissue. They provide maximum blood supply to the penis during sexual arousal. During an erection, cavernous bodies take on the form of elastic cylinders, which are felt on the sides of the genital organ. Due to their swelling, a natural increase in the thickness of the penis is observed.

It is possible to contribute to the thickening of the penis only by increasing the volume of microchambers, which penetrate the entire erectile tissue. This can be done only in the case of artificial maintenance of an erection over a long period. If you perform the procedure daily, subsequently this will lead to stretching of the protein membrane (tunic), in which there are rollers capable of blood filling. Due to the release of additional volume inside the tunic, the growth of cavernous bodies will gradually occur.

Ways to thicken a member

An increase in the thickness of the penis is a long process, which requires a man to regularly conduct physiotherapeutic procedures and apply massage techniques. To increase the circumference of the trunk of the penis, you can use special exercises, mechanical devices (simulators) or resort to plastic surgery. The most common methods for correcting penis size include:

  • jelking,
  • Julia’s technique
  • clamping
  • pumping
  • minimally invasive surgery (lipofilling),
  • muscle tissue transplantation.

Before increasing the diameter of the trunk of the penis, it is recommended to consult a doctor. It should be understood that the improper use of simulators and massage techniques can lead to negative consequences, up to impaired erectile function.


Jelking is a complex of stretching exercises designed to increase the girth and length of the penis. One of the oldest methods for correcting the size of the penis is recommended for use by beginner nupers, i.e. men who use only natural penis enlargement methods. Jelking is the easiest method to restore normal microcirculation in the tissues of the penis. As a rule, the technique of "milking" is used at the stage of preparation for more complex manual exercises.

In order for a member to really begin to grow, exercises must be performed in accordance with certain rules:

  • lubricate the stem of the penis with massage oil or a lubricant,
  • grip the genitals at the base with the thumb and forefinger (OK grip),
  • gradually increasing the grip force, move the ring from the fingers from the base to the head of the phallus,
  • when the penis reaches a semi-erect state, begin to “push” the blood from the base of the penis to its end,
  • in one procedure you need to make at least 100 "passes", the duration of which should not exceed 2-3 seconds.

You can not stretch the penis with a 100% erection, since during the pushing of blood along the trunk of the penis, rupture of the surface capillaries can occur due to the creation of excessive pressure in the tissues.

Pathological venous drainage

Pathological drainage of cavernous bodies is a common disease that occurs in every third man with a problem erection. Venous drainage occurs when there is a violation of the outflow of venous blood.
Pathological drainage of cavernous bodies is a common cause of the appearance of so-called venous impotence.

In order not to start the drainage until the stage of complications, it is necessary to consult a doctor at the first symptoms of pathology. Drainage is manifested by problems with erectile function, causes priapism.

If the quality of the erection has significantly decreased or involuntary erect states of the penis occur, accompanied by excessive sensitivity and pain.
Pathological drainage is treated both conservatively and operatively.

Surgical intervention is carried out mainly by shunt, since the removal of the clogged area in a standard way is very problematic. To eliminate a disease such as pathological drainage, drugs are capable, but not in all cases.

For the treatment of vascular impotence, modern methods such as electrical stimulation of cavernous bodies and lidocaine injection are applicable. Electrical stimulation effectively fights venous leakage and allows the cavernous bodies to remain filled with blood longer, which helps to improve the quality of the erection and increase its duration.

  1. Injections of vasodilating drugs provide expansion of the arteries and increase blood flow to the genitals.
  2. The method of treatment, taking into account all the features of the course of the disease, should be determined by a specialist, after an appropriate examination.
  3. The cavernous bodies are an important structural unit of the penis and directly affect the quality of the erection and the reproductive functions of the stronger sex.
  4. Pathologies associated with the occurrence of disorders in the work of the cavernous bodies can be easily diagnosed, however, if untreated, they can adversely affect the future sexual life of a man.

Technique Julia

Julia’s technique is a vascular set of exercises designed to stretch the cavernous bodies in the genitals.Before enlarging a penis with the help of extreme exercises, it is recommended to do exclusively jelking for 2-3 months. Very often, novice nupers who ignore safety precautions are injured due to improper execution of Julia’s technique.

To increase the volume of the genital organ, during self-massage, you need to perform the following exercise:

  • by jelking, bring the penis to a half-state,
  • With an OK grip, try to “drive” as much blood as possible into the cavernous bodies of the penis,
  • when the penis is completely filled with blood, try to push it up the trunk to the head,
  • Strengthening the grip in the middle of the trunk, stop for 20-30 seconds,
  • pull the ring out of your fingers another 1-2 cm and again linger in this position for half a minute,
  • reaching the head of the phallus, loosen the grip and take some relaxing jelks.

Important! During the exercise, an erection should not exceed 60-70%.

If you perform the exercise daily for 10-15 minutes, within 3 months you will be able to increase the penis in girth by at least 1-1.5 cm. Performing exercises through pain is not recommended, since the appearance of discomfort most often indicates tissue damage or rupture of superficial capillaries.

New theory. What are the cavernous bodies in men: is it possible to increase

The penis is formed by two cavernous and one spongy bodies. Two cavernous bodies of the penis of a cylindrical shape with
slightly pointed ends are attached to the lower branches of the pubic

Both bodies converge under the pubic symphysis and then fuse together, forming
on the lower surface of the groove, where the spongy body of the penis lies,
ending in front with the head, the posterior end of the spongy body forms
a bulb located in the thickness of the muscles of the perineum (
fig. 193).

The cavernous and spongy bodies are covered with dense muscle fibers
connective tissue membrane that is absent only on
the glans penis. The processes extend from the inner surface of the membrane
(trabeculae) that are formed by a dense fibrous connective
tissue containing many smooth muscle cells and elastic

Trabeculae branch into the tissue of the spongy and cavernous bodies and
intertwined with each other. A system of cells (lacunae,
caverns), which are wide blood capillaries. Blood to
cavernous bodies are delivered mainly by the deep artery of the penis,
which splits into branches that go along the trabeculae.

In calm condition
of the penis they are crimped, which gave rise to call them curly or
cochlear. Arteries open directly into cells (caverns).

these arteries are wide, and their walls have a thick muscular membrane, in addition to
of this, the inner lining of the arteries is thickened due to additional bundles
smooth muscle fibers that close the lumen while contracting
vascular wall. The muscle layer is also well developed in the walls of the veins.
The main role in erection is played by smooth muscle cells of arteries, arterioles and sinusoid
capillaries. With an erection, the size of the penis increases dramatically, it
straightens, becomes dense, ready for

Tricky (cavernous) bodies are the main structures that participate in the phenomenon of male penis erection. The tricky body (right and left) has a cylindrical shape and is located inside the penis. Tricky bodies of the penis are not interconnected by blood vessels.

Each body has its own artery, through which blood is delivered to it, and its own veins, through which this blood flows from it. To the ventral surface of these bodies, parallel to them, is the spongy (spongy) body of the penis.For prevention, drink Transfer Factor. In the groove between the cavernous bodies, in the thickness of the spongy body, the urethra is located.

In the proximal direction, the spongy body forms a thickening, called the bulb, covered with an onion-cavernous muscle. The tissue of a tricky body resembles a sponge in its structure; it contains many small lacunae, or Latin caverns.

Each cavity has the ability to change its internal volume due to changes in the tone of smooth muscle elements (trabecular muscles) included in the structure of the walls of the cavity. The predominant part of the tissue of the tricky body is smooth muscle cells, which, connected to each other, with rare fibers of the connective tissue and are attached to the protein membrane.

They form randomly located cords containing vascular capillaries and nerves. The tissue of the tricky body is lined with endothelial cells from the inside. Anatomically, the tricky body is divided into the distal part, which is called the apex (apex), the middle part and the proximal part, called the leg.

In the apical part, the cavernous bodies are covered by the glans penis, which is part of the spongy body. At the pubic joint in the proximal part, the cavernous bodies diverge to the sides down and back parallel to the descending (sciatic) branches of the pubic bones, to which they are attached by ligaments.

In the pubic articulation, tricky bodies are attached to the bones using an unpaired funnel-shaped ligament. They can be felt during an erection in the form of rollers on the right and left inside the penis. The spongy body remains soft during an erection, otherwise it would swell and squeeze the urethra and prevent free ejaculation.

The main function of the cavernous bodies is to provide an erection of the penis (increase in size and hardening during sexual arousal).

With the sexual arousal of a man in the penis in response to the release of a mediator (NO - nitric oxide) due to relaxation of the trabecular muscles and muscles of the walls of the cavernous arteries, an increase in the lumen of the cavernous arteries and the volume of the caverns and arteries that bring blood to the cavernous and spongy bodies expand. The veins along which the blood flows, on the contrary, sharply narrow.

As a result, a sufficient amount of blood accumulates in the tricky bodies of the penis, or rather, in their lacunae, each lacuna tenses up, and an erection occurs. This state of blood vessels persists throughout the erection. At this time, all the tissues of the penis, with the exception of the skin, do not receive the blood supply they need, and are in a state of ischemia. In a state of erection, a man can easily carry out the coitus, which is necessary for reproduction, as well as for pleasure and sexual satisfaction. After ejaculation, noradrenaline is released and the blood quickly drains from the penis. Because of this, after intercourse, an erection quickly weakens and disappears, however, with sexual arousal, it reaches a maximum not instantly, but only with complete readiness to insert the penis into the woman's vagina.

The tunica albuginea is a case of cavernous bodies and consists of elastic connective tissue. During an erection, the protein coat is uniformly stretched in different directions and provides a symmetrical enlargement of the penis.

The spongy body is also enclosed in a thin protein coat. Its fabric is a structure having internal gaps, rich in elastic fibers.

This structure guarantees the free passage of fluid and the closure of the lumen of the urethra after urination or ejaculation.

The penis consists of two cavernous bodies and a spongy body, which at the distal end expands into the glans penis, and the urethra passes through its central part. The legs of the penis (proximal parts of the cavernous bodies) are attached to the pubic bones.The cavernous bodies are connected to the pubic joint and the white line of the anterior abdominal wall by supporting ligaments

Cavernous body
consists of a dense outer layer of relatively inelastic fibrous tissue and the inner vascular cancellous tissue (spongy body
) The partition between the two bodies is perforated, and they function as a whole. In the cavity of the cavernous bodies there are large vascular spaces lined with endothelium covering the underlying smooth muscles.

Arterial blood supply to the penis is carried out from two internal genital arteries, which are branches of the anterior internal iliac arteries. Each genital artery, passing through the Olcoc channel, becomes the artery of the penis. The artery of the penis gives a twig to the bulb of the urethra (a. Bulbi penis) and another to the spongy body (a. Urethralis).

The main artery of the penis is divided into the dorsal artery of the penis (a. Dorsalis penis), which also supplies the glans penis, and into the deeper cavernous branch (a. Profunda penis, a. Cavernosa). Stepping into cavernous body of the penis
, the artery is divided into numerous small branches supplying the cavernous tissue with blood.

Some of these branches open directly into the cavernous spaces, while others having a spiral shape (cochlear arteries), in addition to providing sinusoidal spaces, give out capillaries to nourish the cavernous muscles.

The arterial supply of the penis is subject to individual variations, but only the cavernous arteries are essential for an erection.

The small venules that begin in the cavernous bodies themselves are combined into larger ones, forming a subshell plexus under the tunica alba. In the distal and middle parts of the corpus cavernosum, these venules are emptied into the discharge veins, penetrating the protein membrane with the formation of enveloping veins.

They flow into the deep dorsal vein of the penis, which collects blood also from its head. The deep dorsal vein flows into the periprostatic venous plexus, and from there into the internal iliac veins. The proximal parts of the cavernous bodies are drained by the cavernous and crural veins, which flow into the preprostatic plexus and genital vein.

The skin of the penis and foreskin gives blood to the superficial dorsal vein, which is emptied into the saphenous veins.

Penis erection
is a complex neurovascular process, including the interaction of three physiological systems: the central and peripheral nervous system and smooth muscles of the arteries and trabeculae of the penis.

Most studies on the areas of the central nervous system (CNS) responsible for the development of an erection were performed under experimental conditions using animals.

However, recently, with the advent of new diagnostic techniques, the possibilities for studying these issues have expanded.

In addition, certain information was obtained by analyzing penile erection disorders in patients with lesions of different parts of the central nervous system.

Sensitive impulses (visual, auditory and tactile) of a sexual nature are first analyzed in the cerebral cortex, mainly in the frontal and temporal lobes.

This is confirmed by studies using positron emission tomography in men against the background of visual sexual stimulation, which showed an increase in activity in the temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex and the limbic system. Similar results were obtained using electroencephalography.

From the cortex of the hemispheres, the impulses pass to the amygdala (corpus amygdaloideum), which is considered one of the most important centers controlling libido and erection, which is confirmed by data on the development of hypersexuality in people and animals with lesions in this area (Kluver-Bucy syndrome).

For the development of an erection, paraventricular and other nuclei of the hypothalamus, midbrain and bridge are also important, but their exact roles have not yet been established. The main mediators responsible for central control of erectile function are dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin and oxytocin.

From the brain, impulses are transmitted along the pathways of the spinal cord to the sympathetic and parasympathetic erectile centers located at the level of T11-L2 and S2-S4, respectively.

Sympathetic impulse has a depressing effect on an erection, while activation of the parasympathetic nervous system, on the contrary, contributes to its development.

In addition, studies show that the sympathetic spinal center is more influenced by the brain and provides the development of psychogenic erections, that is, erections that develop as a result of thoughts of a sexual nature, and the parasympathetic can function autonomously, providing reflexogenic erections resulting from direct stimulation of the genitals . It should be noted that normally both centers are in constant interaction, controlling the condition of the penis, or rather the tone of its smooth muscle tissue.

Acute pain in the penis indicates serious problems. And one of them - cavernitis - inflammation of the cavernous bodies of the penis
. This is a rather rare pathology that develops in men as a result of introducing infection into the cavernous (cavernous) bodies. Most often, this occurs with inflammatory or traumatic injuries of the urethra.

The main function of the cavernous bodies is to provide an erection of the penis. And any pathology can lead to serious problems in the sexual life of men.


The word "clamping" in translation from English means fixing or clamping. It is easy to guess that the essence of the clamping technique is to hold the blood inside the trunk of the penis for a long period. If you carry out manual therapy at least 4-5 times a week, you will be able to increase the diameter of the penis by at least 1.5 cm in just a couple of months.

It should be understood that the volume of the penis will increase due to the expansion of microscopic cells in erectile tissue. To surely increase the trunk in size and fix the result, you will need to perform the exercises for 2 months at least 5 times a week in accordance with the following technique:

  • by jelking, bring the phallus to the maximum erection and fix an elastic bandage at its base,
  • grab the bandage with an elastic cord or stationery rubber so that it does not unwind,
  • fasten a metal collar at the very base of the penis (it is better to purchase a clamp with a plastic lamb for convenient twisting),
  • after squeezing the tissues of the penis, turn on the stopwatch and after exactly 1 minute, loosen the clamp to restore normal blood circulation in the penis.

Important! Do not tighten the clamp too much, as this can lead to damage to blood vessels and soft tissues.

To increase the penis in thickness, perform at least 3-4 approaches in one procedure. After 10-14 days, it is recommended to increase the duration of one approach to 2 minutes. An increase in the volume of the phallus will become apparent after a few lessons. However, experts do not recommend increasing the duration of the approach by more than 5 minutes. Violation of blood circulation in the genital organ can lead to tissue necrosis and the development of erectile dysfunction.

Vacuum pump

Vacuum pump is a magnifying vacuum constrictor device, with which you can painlessly and quickly increase the phallus in diameter. The simulator consists of a cylindrical plastic flask and a vacuum pump. During classes, the flask is put on the penis and tightly pressed to the pubis.After that, air is pumped out of it using a pump.

Penis enlargement occurs due to increased blood flow to the penis due to the creation of an area with low atmospheric pressure around it. An increase in blood pressure in the tissues leads to stretching of the microchambers in the cavernous bodies, as a result of which the penis increases in width by at least 1.5-2 cm.

Vacuum pumps are very often used for permanent correction of the size of the penis immediately before sexual contact. To achieve a steady increase in the phallus, you need to use the simulator regularly for six months.

The technique of using a vacuum constrictor device:

  • insert the un-erect phallus into the cylinder bore,
  • firmly press the pump to the pubis,
  • use a mechanical bulb or an electric pump to pump air out of the device,
  • after an erection, lower the flask down
  • after 15-20 minutes, turn the check valve to let air into the cylinder and remove the pump.

It is undesirable to use a vacuum pump for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

If you stretch a member in order to increase its size, remember that the duration of one procedure should not exceed 20 minutes. Stagnation of blood in the soft tissues can lead to darkening of the penis and the formation of seals from the lymphatic fluid on its surface.


Surgery is one of the fastest ways to increase the diameter of the penis. In order to thicken the phallus trunk, minimally invasive surgeries, such as hyaluronic acid injection or lipofilling, can be used. During the procedure, either a special gel or the lipid tissue of the patient himself is introduced into the subcutaneous layers of the genital organ. The disadvantage of such operations is the short duration of the effect. As practice shows, hyaluronic acid and lipid tissue dissolve during the year, as a result of which the girth of the penis also decreases.

The introduction of synthetic materials under the skin in 5% of cases leads to complications, up to impaired erectile function and necrosis of the skin of the penis.

The most effective is the microsurgical thickening of the phallus, during which the surgeon transfers part of the muscle tissue from another part of the body (calf, gluteus muscle) to the penis. It should be understood that surgery does not guarantee 100% of the achievement of the desired effect. Therefore, before deciding on phalloplasty, it is recommended to try more gentle ways to thicken the penis.

Watch the video: Cavernous Body - Shameful Exposure (February 2020).

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