Ejaculation in men: all stages and varieties
Ejaculation is a normal physiological process, as a result of which ejaculation occurs in men, that is, the release of seminal fluid from the urethra during sexual activity: intercourse or masturbation. The reflex act is regulated by the nervous system and the brain. The center of ejaculation is located in the lumbar spinal cord. The process of ejaculation leads to an increase in arousal, which can be caused by stimulation of the penis during frictions. Ejaculation can occur spontaneously in a dream. In most cases, the process is accompanied by an orgasm.
Ejaculation is the final phase of intercourse. With ejaculation, the body is released from seminal fluid, which is accompanied by relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles. Ejaculation is necessary for procreation and characterizes the man’s ability to reproduce.
The normal process proceeds without delay and premature ejaculation. Deviations from the norm entail the development of diseases of the reproductive system, can cause psychological problems. Increased production of sex hormones and their accumulation often end in infertility in men.
Ejaculation is a consistent physiological process that is not controlled by consciousness and proceeds in several stages:
- 1. Signals come from certain parts of the brain to the center of ejaculation (sacral spinal cord), to the genitals and pelvic muscles.
- 2. Smooth muscles of the genitals are reduced, followed by the release of seed from the urethra.
- 3. Simultaneous eruption of seminal fluid and erection resulting from exposure to the body of sexual stimuli occurs.
After isolation from the epididymis, sperm are transported to the urethra. In its prostate, the secretions of the prostate, bulbourethral glands, seminal vesicles and seed are mixed. As a result, seminal fluid is formed.
During intercourse, an inside-closed sphincter of the bladder prevents urine from entering the ejaculate, and sperm into the cavity of the bladder. This ends the emission phase of ejaculation, and the phase of expulsion begins. After combining the sperm and lubricating secretion, reflex ejection of sperm through the canal of the penis occurs. Its ejection is provided by contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor and urethral bulb.
The process of ejaculation plays an important role in a man’s life, both psychologically and physiologically. The frequency of ejaculation depends on the individual characteristics of the body. In this case, the main role is played by the man’s ability to have an active sex life.
During ejaculation, the following changes occur in the body:
- blood pressure rises
- blood circulation speeds up,
- the penis becomes elastic
- palpitations and breathing
- the opening of the urethra is moistened with the secret of the cooper glands,
- the volume of the testicles increases and the muscles of the penis tighten.
The culmination of each sexual intercourse is the ejaculation, after which the penis loses elasticity, and the man has an orgasm.
The time interval from arousal to ejaculation varies from 3 to 7 minutes. The output of seminal fluid takes from 5 to 50 seconds. Sperm excretion occurs in portions, with intense emissions. With repeated excitation, after 15 minutes, further ejaculation is possible.
What is ejaculation
The process of ejaculation (from lat. Ejaculation) is a physiological condition associated with the tension of the penis caused by stimulation and stimulation, which results in ejaculation. In the understanding of modern people, ejaculating is ending.
Photo by Dr. Myasnikov
Sperm eruption is associated with the activity of the brain and nervous system, in which reflex muscle relaxation occurs. The main cause of ejection is considered to be the excitation of nerve endings that act on the center of the spinal cord, which is responsible for ejaculation. This physiological phenomenon can be associated with sexual contact, as well as with masturbation. In some cases, a seed ejection occurs in a dream. As a rule, ejaculation is accompanied by an orgasm and muscle relaxation.
When a seed erupts, a liquid is ejected from the penis. Isolation is a natural process that is necessary for procreation. The eruption is accompanied by several stages occurring in the body:
- erection - excitement in which there is a reflex tension in the muscles of the male penis. An erection is closely related to human receptors, which can cause irritation and arousal - taste, visual and tactile,
- under the influence of stimulation of the penis is committed impulse transmission to the center responsible for ejaculation, in this case, the lumbar spinal cord,
- arises muscular contraction involving semen eruption. Semen erupts from the urethra.
How long does ejaculation last?
Normal ejaculation of the penis occurs, on average, from 5 to 10 seconds. Depending on how long it takes to not spit sperm, the period of ejaculation varies. As a rule, the more often sexual contacts occur, the longer the ending of the act does not occur. At the same time, the duration of education and production of male seed depends on several factors that determine the process. Any deviation from the norm is considered pathological, requiring professional help.
During the time a man ends, 1.5 to 5 ml of fluid is released from the penis. This amount is normal, the volume of ejaculate depends on the age of the partner. So at a young age, the volume of the seed can be more plentiful, at a time it can be about 10 ml, and for partners older than 50 years, the volume of ejaculate is much less.
Increased volume of seminal fluid contributes to prolonged abstinence. Since the body at the time of sexual intercourse accumulates about 5 ml of sperm, with frequent sex, the volume of fluid released is significantly reduced. In normal condition, during the day a person can finish from 2 to 5 times. At the same time, a frequent eruption of the seed during the day is considered pathological. As the ejaculate is erupted once a day, the ejaculator changes its tension and becomes more sluggish.
There are a number of factors that influence how semen is released. An important indicator of normal ejaculation is sperm quality, which depends on sperm motility, age, duration of abstinence and the level of sex hormones in men. Therefore, the more fluid is formed in the genitals, the more pleasure ejaculation is.
To understand what ejaculation is in men, it is necessary to determine what this concept means. Isolation of the seed is conventionally divided into two phases, which determine the physiological changes in the partner. In addition, both stages have different features:
- Emission phase - during contraction and stimulation of the penis, all genital organs are involved in the work, including the testicles, appendages and seminal vesicles, and the prostate. Each organ, when excited, releases certain substances into the urethra, which, when mixed, form ejaculate. After which there is a reflex overlap of the sphincter of the urinary canal.
- The process of expelling the ejaculate. At this stage, sperm and seminal fluid are mixed. After that, reflex relaxation of the sphincter and the release of sperm outward are performed. The process interacts with contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor and tension of the urethral bulb.
On average, the duration from the beginning of sexual intercourse to completion is about 5 minutes. During this time, the seminal fluid in men under pressure exits the urethra. The final stage of sex is a decrease in blood supply to the penis and a decrease in erection. For prolonged contact, re-excitation is necessary.
How does male satisfaction
For the concept of what happens to a man during ejaculation, you need to understand how the work of the organs is connected. The ejaculation process is characterized by the pleasure of the partner, which is provided by the bulbospongial muscle, which is responsible for sensitive perception during sex. At the end of the process, the muscle contracts, acting on the receptors responsible for the satisfaction observed at the end of sex - it's an orgasm.
The psychological factor also affects the enjoyment. Since the brain is responsible for the onset of erection, after satisfying the need for a seed eruption, a person relaxes, feels pleasure.
What is pre-ejaculation and how does it differ from ejaculation
Considering the question of what is ejaculation, it is necessary to understand what precedes this process. The term pre-ejaculation refers to the process of preparing the body for the release of ejaculate. During pre-ejaculation, the genital glands produce a pre-ejaculate, which is possible only after arousal and erection.
Preejaculate is formed before the onset of sexual intercourse. Physiological lubrication helps to prevent damage to the mucous membranes of the partner during the entry of the penis. In addition, pre-ejaculate is necessary to facilitate sexual contact, with the movement of the penis in the vagina.
The difference between a pre-ejaculate and an ejaculate is in the time of formation of liquids and their release. So, the pre-ejaculate is formed before sex, and the ejaculate is the final stage of sex. Despite the fact that the appearance of the liquid is similar to each other, the constituent components and their volume are different.
With an increase or decrease in seed ejection, as well as a change in the normal volume of seminal fluid, it is worth talking about pathological conditions that occur in the human body. Pathological ejaculation is considered the most common problem in men in the genital area.
Rapid eruption can be divided into early and premature. There are several reasons for this condition. Premature ejaculation is a process in which a man ends before the introduction of the penis into the vagina. The physiological causes of this condition are associated with a prolonged lack of proximity of the partner, strong excitement. In addition, the rapid termination of sex may be due to impaired contractility of the muscles responsible for fluid retention immediately after its formation.
There is also the concept of relatively early ejaculation. At the same time, the man ends before the woman experienced an orgasm. The reasons for this condition can be prolonged abstinence from sex, as well as a person's overexcitation during preliminary caresses.
Delayed ejaculation can be associated with a pathology of sensitivity that occurs during a period of prolonged sexual intercourse. In addition, a lack of arousal can contribute to a delay in orgasm. At the same time, the partner experiences pain during sex in the groin or penis, male ejaculation may be completely absent.
Why does ejaculation occur in a dream
Ejaculation in a dream is carried out mainly in adolescent boys. Pollution - the so-called nocturnal ejaculation, is associated with puberty. Boys starting at age 12 can end up in a dream, while wondering why this is happening. Anatomy of a man is provided in such a way that in adolescence there is irritation of the nerve centers, which cause the completion of the natural process. As a rule, erotic sleep contributes to eruptions.
Involuntary ejaculation in adolescents is considered a normal condition. So, the body of a young man copes with a lack of sexual life. Overnight eruption continues until the teenager begins to lead a sexual life. In men of adult age, emissions in the norm should not be more than 2 times a month. Moreover, the cause of this condition is most often prolonged abstinence.
Reasons for the lack of ejaculation
The complete absence of ejaculation is pathological at any age. The causes may be serious sexual dysfunction. The absence of ejaculation is divided into several types - primary, secondary and complete.
The primary absence of ejaculation is characterized by the development of an orgasm without ejaculation. For the secondary, a violation of the emission is characteristic, after exposure to any factors.
Patients are concerned about the issue of retrograde ejaculation. The causes of anejaculation can be a violation caused by pathological changes in the movement of sperm through the urethra. Pathologies are preceded by inflammatory pathologies in the urethra.
Congenital malformations of the genital organs of a young person may be the reasons for the development of a complete absence of ejection of seminal fluid. In this case, internal ejaculation is carried out, without the eruption of the seed out. This condition leads to an inflammatory disease. The problem of complete absence can be solved only with the help of surgery.
Various injuries of the genitourinary system, a violation associated with sexually transmitted or endocrine diseases, can contribute to a lack. Also, the release of sperm may be absent due to the psychological problems of a person.
Emitting is a natural process that depends on a number of factors. With a violation and development of pathologies in the genitourinary system of a person, the number of ejaculations and the quality of the fluid can change. Any violation requires the qualified help of doctors. Only timely treatment guarantees the preservation of the reproductive function of men.
How does this happen
Ejaculation is a natural and normal physiological process. In other words, this is a reflex reaction of the body to irritation of the center of ejaculation, which is located in the spinal cord of a person. The process of ejaculation is regulated by the nervous system and certain parts of the brain of a man.
Emitting, more precisely, its process, is usually divided into 2 phases of ejaculation.
Emission phase - sperm from the testicles of a man passes into the prostate region of the vas deferens. This stage of ejaculation is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system. Male germ cells are grouped, and the contraction of the muscles of the seminiferous tubules moves them to the prostate area of the vas deferens. Muscles contract more and more every second, providing pressure build-up and sperm movement into the ampullar part of the ducts. It is at this stage that the ejaculate gains its final structure. There is a mixture of sperm with different fluids of the prostate, seminal vesicles and gonads. Each of these fluids is important and fulfills its function in the future when the seed leaves the man’s penis into the woman’s vagina or the environment. So you get full sperm.This phase is characterized by the feeling that ejaculation is about to happen, but with a great desire, the process can still be stopped.
At the end of sexual intercourse or as a result of reaching threshold excitement, the very moment of ejaculation occurs directly - the ejaculate is pushed out of the man’s urethra with one force or another. This second and final stage (second phase) is controlled by the roots of the spinal cord. Successive contractions of the muscles of the genital organs begin, the first of which also serves as the beginning of the male orgasm. Orgasm can vary in strength and brightness of sensations. There are certain problems and diseases in which the ejaculation orgasm does not accompany or is characterized by a mild character.
Ejaculation - the result of reaching threshold arousal
As soon as the first compression of the bulbospongial muscle has begun, the ejaculation process cannot be stopped, it will occur even against the will of the man. Sperm is pushed forward along the urethra until the moment when it finds a way out of the narrow space of the ejaculatory canal. Depending on the characteristics of the man’s body and the specific situation, the seed can simply protrude from the hole in the head of the penis or “shoot” with force for a certain distance. In this case, the ejaculate leaves the head of the penis portionwise. Initially, semen is secreted by several weak tremors. In the middle of the process, the ejection reaches its peak, then it subsides. First, the secretion of the prostate passes through the urethra, which serves to lubricate the inner surface of the canal and provide optimal conditions for the semen that moves through it.
Emitting can take a different amount of time, this aspect depends on several factors.
On average, the process takes from a few moments to 60 seconds. The volume of sperm secreted during ejaculation also differs in individual representatives of the stronger sex or in the same man, depending on the situation. An average indicator is considered if after sex an ejaculate of 1.5-7 ml volume is secreted. The color, more precisely, the shade of the male seed is different - from whitish to light yellow, uniform, without intersperses. If an ejaculate with disseminated blood is secreted during ejaculation, this may indicate a rupture of small vessels. In the case when such a phenomenon is present periodically - this is normal. If blood in the semen appears constantly, this fact may indicate the presence of any diseases of the genitourinary system.
During intercourse, the male body changes.
If you search the video network, you can look in detail at what happens during the second phase of ejaculation. After ejaculation, the man relaxes, during this period, repeated ejaculation is impossible.
Sensations and phenomena in the process of ejection of the seed
During intercourse in general, during and after ejaculation in particular, the male body undergoes a number of changes. At the same time, not only the genital organ changes, but all the processes of the body focus on ensuring that ejaculation is successful and brings pleasure to the man.
What processes accompany ejaculation:
- Since a man experiences stress during intercourse (especially during ejaculation), which can be compared to sprinting over a hundred meters, blood pressure rises sharply.
- The pulse quickens, the man begins to intermittently, often and noisy breathing. Screams, groans, or words may come out.
- The penis significantly increases in size, hardens, gains increased sensitivity. Touching the genitals can cause a wave of convulsive pleasure.
- The head of the penis swells, hardens (however, to a lesser extent than the penis itself), acquires a reddish or even crimson hue.
- The scrotum also increases in size, it also becomes more sensitive to tactile influence.
- At the moment when ejaculation occurs, the man completely loses control of his mind and body.
In general, the process of male ejaculation should be painless, trouble-free and bring only pleasant sensations.
Standards and Norm
Successful and normal ejaculation in mature men should more or less meet 3 main criteria:
There are three criteria for successful ejaculation.
- Bring pleasure and satisfaction, accompanied by an orgasm. Moreover, saturation should be not only physically, but also emotionally.
- The amount of sperm that is secreted at the end of sexual intercourse should be consistent with the norm. What is the norm in terms of the amount of seed - it is from 1.5 to 10 ml at the end of 1 ejaculation. The study shows that the amount of sperm depends on many factors, however, the more it is secreted in the process of ejaculation, the more acute the sensation in a man.
- The quality of the male seed must meet the basic requirements. Of course, a man cannot independently determine whether or not his sperm meets “quality standards”. But for this you can go through a spermogram - a special detailed analysis of the characteristics of the seed. The laboratory will accurately determine the presence and quantity of sperm in the ejaculate, their viability, morphology. A man can even get an image of his own sperm (photo 1). Passing such an analysis is especially important for men who plan to have children in the future.
If the main indicators of standard ejaculation coincide with the indicators of a man - we can assume that he is healthy in the “sexual aspect” and is quite suitable for fertilization of a woman, a continuation of a kind.
Deviations from the norm and pathology
The problem with the ejaculation process is one of the most common pathologies of the male urogenital system and reproductive function. As a rule, deviations from the norm in this matter are divided into two extremes:
There are a number of possible problems with the ejaculation process.
- The onset of ejaculation occurs very quickly - generally before the onset of sexual intercourse (early ejaculation) or in the first minute of having sex (premature ejaculation). The causes of the pathology are numerous - severe arousal or hypersensitivity of the genitals, sexual inexperience or psychological disorders, disorders of the central nervous system. Also, the cause can be various diseases of the genitourinary system.
- The onset of ejaculation is late and may not occur at the end of sexual intercourse. The cause of this problem can be inflammatory processes that occur in the organs of the genitourinary system, trauma (pathology) of the genital organs, erectile dysfunction.
Also, the pathology is the complete absence of sperm in the woman’s vagina at the end of sexual intercourse. Sperm can enter the bladder of a man due to a violation of the integrity of the vas deferens.
Emissions (the appearance of nocturnal ejaculation) can be called a conditionally abnormal reaction of the body, if we are not talking about adolescence. If the pollutions in adulthood do not bother a man more than 8 times a month, this is not considered a deviation.
The occurrence of all types of ejaculation disorders can be associated with both psychological and physical factors.
To fully clarify the question of why a man has a violation of the ejaculation process, you need to contact a male doctor - a urologist or andrologist. A full examination of the entire body will be carried out, most likely, the man will need to pass a sperm analysis to conduct a spermogram.
Ejaculation (see photo) is a normal physiological process, the final stage of sexual intercourse, masturbation. If the ejaculation comes on time and is accompanied by an orgasm, rather than unpleasant sensations, then the man is healthy in physical and psycho-emotional terms. If the ejaculation comes earlier, is late or does not occur at all - this is an occasion to seek the advice of a male doctor.
What is ejaculation: physiology of sperm formation and promotion
Ejaculation is a reflex or conscious process of sperm excretion. Conscious ejaculation occurs due to frictions, masturbation, from prostate stimulation. Unconsciousness occurs in a dream, as well as in a number of pathologies. Sperm release is preceded by several stages, during which it is promoted and enriched.
Cumshots: what is it?
The answer to the question, what is ejaculation, is the physiological process of ejection of male seed, which is provoked by sexual stimulation and the work of many organs and systems. The anatomy of the male body considers several stages of ejaculation. A man needs to know several main facts regarding the process of ejaculation, namely:
- Ejaculation and erection are two interconnected processes; without erection, ejaculation is also impossible. An erection occurs on the basis of sexual stimuli - tactile, visual, auditory and olfactory.
- In order for an erection, and subsequently ejaculation, to come from the cerebral cortex to the center of ejaculation, which is located in the sacral spinal cord, certain signals are received. Accordingly, we can conclude that the spinal cord is responsible for ejaculation, and only after that the genitals or muscles in the pelvic area enter the battle.
- Signals from the spinal cord cause smooth muscle in the genital area, leading to ejaculation from the urethra in the end.
Ejaculation plays an extremely important function for the reproductive ability of men, and for his psychological health. How often a man needs to throw away a seed, no expert will say due to the individual characteristics of each organism. The body itself signals the need for discharge and release of seminal fluid, and prolonged abstinence leads to stagnant processes and deterioration of sperm quality.
Characteristics of ejaculation
Only knowing what ejaculation is, a man should think about what physiological characteristics this phenomenon has in order to distinguish the norm from the pathology in time. To understand all the features and parameters of ejaculation, you need to consider its quantitative and qualitative indicators - the quality, volume of semen and the severity of the orgasm itself, which precedes the release of ejaculate.
The medical certificate says that on average the volume of ejaculate after orgasm should be 1.5-5 ml of liquid. But a quantitative indicator can vary depending on several factors. The first thing that determines the norm of volume is the age of the man, the maximum seed volume of up to 10 ml is observed in young men aged 18-20 years, a sharp decrease in volume occurs after 50 years.
Another determining factor is the degree of sexual activity of a man. For example, after prolonged abstinence, the volume of ejaculate may increase, after repeated ejaculation much less liquid will be released. Doctors say that for the fertilization of a woman, the first ejaculation is important, which has all the important qualities and characteristics.
Determine the quality of the ejaculate can a medical specialist in the laboratory. Under this concept, we need to understand the assessment of seminal fluid for the fertilization of a woman and the conception of a child. Seed quality is an extremely important characteristic of male fertility, because ejaculate is a natural mechanism of procreation. The quality of the ejaculate is determined by the following data:
- the volume of secreted seminal fluid per sexual intercourse,
- the number of active and full sperm,
- the level of sex hormone in the blood (testosterone),
- duration of sexual abstinence,
- male nutrition and lifestyle
- temperature conditions in the scrotum and testes.
In addition, experts argue that the more a man throws away seminal fluid, the more powerful and vivid sensations he experiences during an orgasm.
Orgasm and ejaculation are almost the same thing, that is, two processes that are intertwined. Bulbospongial muscle is responsible for pleasure and orgasm, which contracts during ejection. Thanks to her work during ejaculation, the man experiences an orgasm directly. In addition, there are secondary factors affecting the quality of the orgasm.
Not less important for a full orgasm and satisfaction of a man with sexual intercourse is his psychological state. After all, it is the cerebral cortex that controls all processes - erection, orgasm, sperm ejection, pleasure from frictions and ejaculation. And the more seed is thrown away, the longer and more pleasant it is for a man to enjoy sexual intercourse.
Few men know that the process of ejection of the seed is preceded by a period of pre-ejaculation. By this term you need to understand the process of producing pre-seed fluid by the bulbourethral glands, which lubricates the head of the genital organ for a more pleasant and non-traumatic sexual intercourse. Preejaculation and ejaculation are processes that are intertwined with erection and sexual arousal.
In this case, the release of pre-seed fluid is not an orgasm, its function is to lubricate and protect the surface of the head of the penis. In addition, the lubricant protects the genital organ and the open urethra from the environment of the woman’s vagina, and after that it lubricates the urethra for further rapid and unhindered discharge of the seed. The chemical composition of the pre-ejaculate and ejaculate is different.
Any process in the body begins with preparation, including ejaculation in a man. The emission phase is the preparation for ejaculation, the sympathetic department of the autonomic nervous system in the man’s body is responsible for its regulation. Simply put, we are talking about the effect of an erotic stimulus on the man himself and the state of his genitals.
First, a man is affected by external stimuli that accompany sexual arousal. It can be a look, a smell, a visual picture, tactile contact. Also, internal factors can influence the condition of a man - imagination and imagery. As a result of this action, a man experiences an erection due to contraction of blood vessels in the scrotum and testicles.
Such an action leads to other processes, namely, the raising of sperm from the appendages of the testes directly to the prostate ureter. At the same time, the sphincter blocks the bladder and urethral opening so that during movement the seminal fluid does not penetrate the bladder, and the urine does not accidentally mix with sperm, leaving the urethra.
Now the second phase begins, starting from the moment the sperm enters the urethra. The result is first squeezing the back of the urethra, after which the man can no longer stop the process of ejaculation. Further, the entire process of ejaculation of a man is revealed, when the sphincter of the bladder relaxes, the smooth muscles of the urethra contract.
Due to the pulsation of the muscles, the sperm is thrown out; in parallel with this, the man begins to feel all the delights of orgasm. After orgasm, the blood supply to the tissues and cells of the penis gradually decreases, which is called the period of refractoriness and a decrease in the excitement of a man. After this comes detumescence, that is, a complete absence of sexual desire.
The technical side of the ejaculation process involves certain risks of developing pathologies and disorders in the genitourinary system, which may affect the process of ejection of the seed.As medical practice shows, most often men are faced with too rapid ejection of the seed and delayed coitus, as a result of which orgasm and ejaculation may not occur.
The most common male sexual problem is premature ejaculation. Moreover, from the point of view of medicine, it is difficult to call the problem a pathology, since it can be observed in completely healthy men. This can be preceded by a banal prolonged abstinence or overexcitation of a man, which does not belong to the category of violations.
Also, premature ejaculation does not entail any dangers and threats, but at the same time, the problem can adversely affect the psychological background of the man, the quality of sexual life with the partner and relations in general. Sometimes the cause of premature ejaculation is a weak and not stable erection, in addition, it can be due to congenital (lesions of the nervous system, increased sensitivity of the head or short frenulum) or acquired diseases (osteochondrosis, spinal cord injuries, prostatitis, etc.).
If the disease becomes the cause of premature ejaculation, you must consult a doctor for diagnosis. After this, several treatment methods are applied:
- taking medications
- psychotherapeutic treatment
- surgical intervention.
The problem of delayed ejaculation is much less common, we are talking about high-quality sexual intercourse, which is accompanied by sufficient excitement, but the man is unable to achieve orgasm and ejaculation. Some men have the opportunity to achieve a seed ejection, even if it is not as soon as we would like, while others do not manage to orgasm (anejaculation).
On average, sexual intercourse should last about 4-10 minutes, if ejaculation does not occur even after 20 minutes of sexual intercourse, a man should consult a doctor. Somatic diseases or psychological disorders, such as stress, neurosis, aversion to sexual intercourse on the basis of prejudice or failure in the past, an unfavorable climate in relations with a woman, etc. can lead to such a problem.
Doctors also call a number of diseases that entail delayed ejaculation or its absence, namely:
- bilateral sympathectomy,
- diabetic neuropathy,
- aneurysmectomy of the abdominal aorta,
- Mueller duct cyst,
- genitourinary tuberculosis,
- spinal cord injuries
- paraaortic lymphadenectomy,
- plum belly syndrome
- rectal extirpation,
- surgical interventions cystectomy, prostatectomy in the past.
Often, certain medications, such as diuretics, antidepressants, or hormonal drugs, can affect a man’s erection and ejaculation. The group of factors of negative influence include alcohol abuse.
Aborted Friction Technique
If a man wants to prolong sexual intercourse by holding ejaculation, he can resort to the tricks of deliberately extending coitus time, interrupting frictions. This technique is even taught to men who want to transform their sex life and make the orgasm more vibrant and enchanting. Also, this method helps prevent an unplanned pregnancy. If you abuse this trick, you can cause atrophy of the bulbospongious muscle and prostatitis.
Ejaculation and orgasm
If a man realizes what ejaculation is, what indicators of the norm, why this process is needed, any violations and problems in this area can be detected in a timely manner. Experts again emphasize the difference between orgasm and ejaculation. These two processes are closely intertwined; without one, the other process is impossible.
Ejaculation is a kind of sperm shot, which, according to research, occurs at a speed of up to 46 km / h. An orgasm is a spectrum of sensations and emotions that are extremely beneficial for the whole body and the health of a man. Regular orgasms prevent the development of oncology in the field of urology, psychological problems and problems with blood vessels, heart.
The number of orgasms directly depends on the number of ejaculations. But after each release of seminal fluid, a man needs some time to recover, about 25-35 minutes. Any disturbance, alarming symptoms, dissatisfaction from orgasm and ejaculation, the man should be discussed with a sexologist, urologist, andrologist or therapist in a timely manner to prevent complications.
Ejaculation is the process of ejecting seminal fluid subsequently by sexual stimulation of a man’s genitals in order to fertilize a woman and conceive a child, as well as sexual discharge. Ejaculation is divided into several phases and stages of development, involves individual indicators of quality and norms, and also involves several typical pathologies and disorders.
Seed Ejection Phase
During the ejection phase, the previously formed ejaculate is ejected from the urethra using rhythmic contractions of the smooth muscles of the so-called bulbospongial muscle. These rhythmic contractions are part of the male orgasm. After the onset of orgasm, the seed is jerkily ejected from the urethra, the second and third (and sometimes the first, depending on the physiology of the man) ejections are performed with maximum volume and strength, which also corresponds to the peak of orgasm achievement in mentally healthy men. Then the volume and force of the ejection gradually decrease, the head of the penis gains sensitivity, and the last few “shocks” can be empty contractions, in which additional ejection of the seed no longer occurs. A typical male orgasm consists of 10-15 contractions of the bulbospongial muscle, each of which is accompanied by extremely physiologically pleasant sensations in the body of a man. After the first contraction of the bulbospongial muscle has occurred, no action can prevent further ejaculation (although the accompanying orgasm may be disrupted). The frequency of muscle contractions gradually decreases during orgasm. Initial contractions occur on average every 0.6 s, with a gradual increase in the duration of the contraction and the interval between contractions by about 0.1 s per contraction. The contractions of this muscle in most men occur rhythmically, regularly throughout the entire time of orgasm. Many men may also experience irregular additional contractions at the end of orgasm.
Sertoli cells, which nourish, protect and support the normal development of maturing sperm, secrete fluid into the testicular tubules of the testes, which, in addition to nourishing and protecting young sperm, helps transport them to the vas deferens. The vas deferens contain special cubic cells with microvilli and lysosomal granules, which absorb part of the fluid, changing the chemical composition of sperm.
The ejection force and the amount of ejaculate in different men varies significantly. Normal ejaculation usually results in the release of 1.5 to 5 milliliters of seed, although quantities such as 7, 8, and in rare cases, even 10 ml have been recorded. Some urological diseases, such as epididymitis of the epididymis, can enhance the libido of a man, thereby increasing the volume of his ejaculate.
The volume of seminal fluid, the force of its expulsion during orgasm, as well as the capacity of sperm usually reach their peak by 17-18 years, and begin to decline after 45-55 years, but, unlike the female reproductive system, the male does not lose its fitness, and even a seventy-year-old man can conceive with the right combination of circumstances.
Although the term “delayed ejaculation” itself can be used in medicine, most often we are talking about the inability of a man to achieve an orgasm due to various psychological factors. In such cases, even with the onset of an orgasm, the amount of ejaculate may not be sufficient for conception (contrary to popular belief, “the longer, the more”), and certain exercises, both physical and psychological, may be recommended to the patient to facilitate proper orgasm. Often, Kama Sutra poses are recommended for this.
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Fiction of different eras and cultures, describing sexual intercourse, turned to various aspects of the ejaculation process. So, the fact that men after ejaculation can feel sleepy was reflected in the XIV song of Homer’s Iliad (Zeus, having enjoyed love with Hero, falls asleep). In erotic scenes of modern literature, a description of a physiological act is often associated with a description of the accompanying emotional and psychological experiences.
Mature sperm cells concentrate in the epididymis. As soon as the sympathetic nervous system signals ejaculation, the contraction of the smooth muscle fibers of the ejaculatory channels begins and the thick sperm is pushed up to the prostate (at this moment, the man has a feeling of an inevitable orgasm).
The prostate gland is located between the internal (upper) and external (lower) sphincters of the urethra (in a number of sources they are called sphincters of the bladder). At the beginning of sperm movement, the inner one contracts, completely blocking the neck of the bladder, and the outer one relaxes, opening the passage down. After the ejaculate is in the prostatic part of the urethra, its further advance down to the penis is provided by the reduction of the walls of the prostate gland and the urethral canal.
What is ejaculate
Ejaculate is a mixture of seminal fluid and sperm. Passing during the emission along the vas deferens, sperm is enriched with secretion products of associated glands:
- Seminal vesicles.
- Ampules of the seminal ducts.
- Bulburethral glands (they are also Cooper).
The output of seminal fluid has the following composition:
- A number of acids, including ascorbic, hyaluronic, deoxyribonucleic, lactic and citric,
- Antibodies (specific to each blood group),
- Vitamin B12
- Ions of zinc, chlorine, magnesium, potassium, calcium.
All these components provide viability and high sperm motility.
The ejection phase is the final stage of ejaculation - semen under pressure is pushed out of the urethral opening of the penis. Ejaculation is provided by contraction of the bulbospongial muscle (which is trained with Kegel exercises). The ejaculate is ejected for 2-3 pulsating tremors, during which the man experiences an orgasm. The ripple continues for a few more seconds. Although she is already weak, but gives the man an extremely pleasant feeling. General number of cuts - about 10-15. During the last shocks or immediately after ejaculation, the sensitivity of the head temporarily disappears, which then returns. The resolution phase is coming.
The ejaculation process is not always completed by the active release of a sufficient amount of sperm. Since the mechanism of ejaculation works due to the interaction of receptor zones of the periphery, spinal ejaculation center, hypothalamic-pituitary complex, and cerebral cortex, a violation in one of the levels will lead to deviations in sperm emission.
Anejaculation diagnosed in the absence of sperm at the end of intercourse. Pathology can manifest itself in several forms:
- Absolute (aspermatism) - sperm and orgasm are absent for any type of stimulation,
- Relative - ejaculation does not occur only with intravaginal stimulation of the penis,
- False: retrograde (semen appears in the bladder) and obstructive (ejaculate is not ejected due to complete or partial obstruction of the vas deferens).
The reasons for the lack of ejaculation can serve as congenital malformations of the seminal ducts, inflammatory diseases and injuries of the genital organs, endocrine pathologies.
Ejaculation in a dream
Involuntary ejaculation that occurs in a dream is called polluting. The process is carried out reflexively, it is impossible to control it. Pollution is a natural way to get rid of unrealized sexual desire, which is restrained by consciousness during the day. At the same time, hormones, sperm, and endorphins are released. In adolescents, pollutions can be repeated several times a week, in adults, the average frequency is 1-2 times a month.
Pathological nocturnal ejaculations are characterized by frequent recurrence and concomitant symptoms in the form of pain in the groin, discharge from the urethra. The causes are mainly the same inflammatory diseases that provoke earlier ejaculation.