The main causes of gynecomastia in men: steroids, beer, drugs, as well as bodybuilding and testosterone
Almost every athlete who regularly takes up the gym knows about gynecomastia or even observed this ailment in reality. This phenomenon is a benign increase in the size of the mammary gland in representatives of the strong half of humanity. It is usually caused by hypertrophy of adipose tissue and glands. Most often, the development of gynecomastia is characteristic of those bodybuilders who take anabolic steroids. The disease can be caused by other reasons.
The increase in the mammary gland in bodybuilders is provoked by: obesity of various degrees, taking steroid drugs, teenage transitional air, various diseases accompanied by a decrease in testosterone concentration against the background of an increase in estrogen. Gynecomastia in bodybuilding is often called "gyno." The development of this ailment is feared by most bodybuilders. This is due to the fact that it becomes the main obstacle for every bodybuilder who speaks at competitions.
Characteristic features of gynecomastia in bodybuilding
A phenomenon such as gyno in bodybuilding has its own characteristics, which you should be aware of:
- training can not cause this ailment,
- the disease does not develop due to sports nutrition, if it is not on a hormonal basis,
- there is no connection between diseases such as breast cancer and gynecomastia,
- steroids do not cause the disease, if it develops a long time after the end of the course,
- gynecomastia is easier to prevent than to treat,
- gyno prophylaxis is the use of antiestrogen drugs.
Gino in bodybuilding is a rather unpleasant affliction that can befall not only beginners, but also experienced bodybuilders who take part in competitions and take courses on anabolic steroids. AS are derivatives of testosterone, which, after entering the bloodstream, are exposed to aromatase, an enzyme synthesized by the adrenal glands, and are converted to estrogen, a female hormone. A high concentration of estrogen in the male body and becomes the main cause of gyno.
Doctors divide the disease into two types.
- False gynecomastia due to fat deposits in the chest area. At the same time, in the ultrasound images there are no seals and an increase in the volume of glandular tissue.
- True gynecomastia is called densification or proliferation in the mammary glands of glandular tissue.
The disease occurs due to an excess in the male body of female hormones (estrogens).
Changes may be accompanied by the following symptoms: pain during palpation, a feeling of pressure in the chest area, itching in the nipples, enlargement of the mammary glands.
From swollen nipples may appear cloudy light or bloody discharge.
Causes of gynecomastia in men:
- anabolic agents
- some drugs
- dystrophy due to many days of starvation,
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- tumors of the testicles, adrenal glands, pituitary gland,
- cancer of the bronchi and other organs,
- hypothyroidism (thyroid failure),
- genetic or hereditary diseases.
In newborns, swelling of the mammary glands is not uncommon.
According to some sources, this happens in 60% of babies, according to other sources - in 85-90%.
The disease goes away in 15-30 days, it is caused by the ingestion of the mother’s hormones (extragens) into the child’s body through the blood.
In children up to adolescence
Breast enlargement can occur in children of any age if the child suffers from congenital hereditary and genetic diseases:
- Klinefelter syndrome
- Reifenstein's syndrome (male pseudohermaphroditism),
- testicular feminization.
The disease contributes to the intake of several dozen drugs. The doctor assesses the risk of taking the medicine with a side effect before prescribing it.
Seals and pain in the mammary glands are observed in half of adolescents.
Changes are temporary, they are associated with hormonal changes during puberty.
In the vast majority of boys, gynecomastia disappears as they grow older and never manifest again..
Treatment of the disease is required if it is persistent, has not passed within three years, if the mammary glands become large or the teenager experiences severe pain.
As in younger children, some medications and diseases can cause gynecomastia.
In older people
The body of older men produces less testosterone, and gynecomastia and testosterone are linked. Because of this, significant changes occur in the genitals, in the prostate and in the mammary glands. They increase in size, glandular tissue is felt under the skin.
Most older people do not pay attention to these changes. You need to know that if there are discharge from the nipples, pain and significant external changes, a man should consult a doctor to rule out serious diseases.
Gynecomastia for drugs
Several dozen drugs can contribute to the onset of proliferation of glandular tissue.
These drugs belong to several groups.:
- anabolic steroids used by athletes,
- antiandrogenic drugs
- calcium antagonists, which slow the flow of this element into smooth muscle cells,
- anticancer drugs
- cardiac glycosides,
- H2 blockers,
Gynecomastia sometimes develops in alcoholics. The growth of glandular tissue and cause some narcotic substances - heroin, hemp, methadone and amphetamines.
In the medical literature and in the annotations to the drugs, you can read about isolated cases of the appearance of gynecomastia after taking a variety of medicines.
Further in the article: gynecomastia and bodybuilding, and also, can gynecomastia occur after a course of steroids?
Bodybuilding and steroids
Bodybuilding (or bodybuilding) can not become the cause of gynecomastia. Bodybuilding translated from English - body building.
The athlete is engaged in weight lifting, stretching exercises and muscle strengthening.
The result of the classes will be the formation of beautiful muscle muscles.
If you engage in this sport without anabolics, then there will be no large muscle building.
Athletes who want to achieve outstanding results use a special diet, nutritional supplements, and anabolic steroids.
Gynecomastia in bodybuilders occurs, but not by itself. This is the so-called gynecomastia on the course of steroids. It is steroids, not bodybuilding, that cause changes in the mammary glands.
Gynecomastia in bodybuilding is caused by anabolic agents. They are converted to estrogen and can cause the growth of glandular tissue.
These are drugs like:
- Testosterone-containing drugs.
When taking Anavar, Winstrol, Boldenone, Oral Turinabol, Primobolan, changes in the mammary glands are very rare, but the athletes still have a risk of gynecomastia.
Side effects of these anabolics can nullify aromatase inhibitors that counteract estrogen formation:
- Arimidex (aka Anastrozole).
To eliminate the risk of gynecomastia from steroids, athletes drink Tamoxifen and its analogue Clofimen. These drugs block estrogen receptors. The formation of an excess of estrogen is also hindered by food supplement 6 OXO.
The glandular tissue in the mammary glands does not resolve by itself. To avoid serious and painful treatment in the form of a surgical operation, the athlete should approach the choice of sports nutrition and supplements carefully and carefully.
Bodybuilder talks about gynecomastia:
Excessive consumption of beer is associated with the image of a complete person with a characteristic "beer" belly. In many obese men, the mammary glands are enlarged, which gives the figure a effeminate appearance.
Does gynecomastia arise from beer and similar drinks? And can beer cause a disease?
Beer contains plant hormones - phytoestrogens.
These compounds do not cause an increase in the amount of estrogen in the human body and cannot cause the disease.
I must say that the use of meat containing these hormones can contribute to gynecomastia.
Fat deposits in the area of the mammary glands are not dangerous, but, due to the individual characteristics of the body of some men, they can be significant. The accumulation of such deposits is associated with general obesity and is called "false gynecomastia."
Disease prevention methods
If the boy or man is healthy, leads a normal lifestyle, then gynecomastia does not require any preventive measures. If the necessary amount of hormones is produced in the human body, which corresponds to his age and physiology, then gynecomastia will not be. This is true for such an ailment as female mastopathy.
Coaches and doctors working with athletes should remember the prevention of the disease, especially if a young person needs to use special medications and nutrition to achieve results.
The causes of hormonal disruptions are not always possible to establish, sometimes gynecomastia begins suddenly, without any reason, the best prevention of dangerous complications would be to visit a medical institution.
When signs of gynecomastia appear, the man must appear to the therapist.
The doctor will conduct an examination and determine whether it is necessary to treat this disease with conservative methods, surgically or should be monitored.
If necessary, the therapist will refer you to a mammologist, oncologist or endocrinologist.
What is this pathology?
Gynecomastia in men, the treatment without surgery of which is carried out with various drugs and folk remedies, represents the growth of breast tissue, accompanied by a change in fat structures and volume of glands. This pathology has other names: tissue deformation, breast enlargement, breast hypertrophy.
The diameter of the breast with such a disease can reach 10 cm, although in most cases this figure ranges from 3-4 cm. If nothing is done, then gynecomastia can lead to the appearance of a malignant formation in the mammary gland.
Breast enlargement occurs in the stronger sex of all ages. For example, about 60% of men are prone to gynecomastia over 45 years of age, under the age of 14, 50-70% of children suffer from this disease, and up to 45 - only 40% of people.
Sometimes it turns out to be quite effective when gynecomastia is detected in men, treatment without surgery. The photo below allows you to see how the breast looks with this disease.
It is customary to classify this disease in medicine into several forms: single and double-sided. In the first case, pathology affects only one mammary gland, and in the second, both.
But most often in patients with a similar problem, bilateral gynecomastia is observed. With this form, an increase in both glands occurs at once. In addition to this, the disease is divided into the following forms:
- False. Fatty tissue is deposited in the chest, which contributes, as a rule, to obesity. That is, the gland tissue does not grow.
- The true one. With this form, the pathology grows, and sometimes there is hypertrophy of the glandular or connective tissue of the breast, in other words, the stoma.
True gynecomastia can still be physiological and pathological. With a physiological form, tissue enlargement does not go beyond the limits established in medicine. But with pathological gynecomastia, on the contrary, tissues subjected to hypertrophy go beyond normal limits. This form of pathology is treated exclusively by surgery.
The development of gynecomastia in men
The mammary glands in the stronger sex in the normal state are underdeveloped. This rudimentary organ consists of short ducts, adipose and glandular tissue, as well as the nipple. Its normal functioning and development depends on the effects of female hormones such as prolactin and estrogens.
Causes of Breast Hypertrophy
True gynecomastia in men, the treatment of which without surgery is carried out in various ways, occurs due to disorders in the body. Such a pathology may result from an increase in prolactin secretion. This happens, as a rule, with hypothyroidism and pituitary tumors.
But the most common cause of gynecomastia in men is a malfunction in the body of the ratio of estrogen to testosterone. A similar condition is observed with inflammation in the testicles, Addison's disease, prostate adenoma, as well as with hormone-active tumors or age-related hypogonadism.
Non-endocrine pathologies can also lead to breast enlargement in men: injuries or herpetic lesions of the chest, cardiovascular or renal failure, HIV infection, cirrhosis.
Often, the cause of gynecomastia is caused by diseases that are accompanied by metabolic disorders, such as pulmonary tuberculosis, overweight or diabetes mellitus.
Gynecomastia in the stronger sex often occurs due to the use of certain drugs that negatively affect breast tissue receptors. In addition, they enhance the production of prolactin and estrogen, and are also able to have a toxic effect on the body. These drugs include Amiodarone, Cimetidine, anabolic steroids, Theophylline, antidepressants, corticosteroids or creams containing hormones.
Breast hypertrophy in some situations appears due to alcohol abuse or drug use.
At the same time, many are interested in if gynecomastia is diagnosed in men, treatment without surgery in young men, adolescents is possible or not. It should be understood that surgical intervention will be avoided only in the early stages of the disease.
Symptoms of pathology
Gynecomastia in men, treatment without surgery of which is carried out by different methods, can manifest itself as a violation of libido, weakness, fatigue, and even impotence.
In children with this disease, there is swelling in the chest area, and sometimes colostrum is possible. Adults with this diagnosis face a growth of up to 10 cm of the mammary glands, whose weight reaches 150 g. In addition to everything, a darkening of the areola and swelling of the nipples can be observed, this phenomenon is characteristic of the weaker sex during lactation.
Stages of the disease
This unpleasant disease has three stages of development:
- Developing. It is also called a proliferating form. At this stage, you can do without surgery. For treatment, drug therapy will suffice.
- Intermediate. At this stage, the glandular tissue begins to mature, this stage lasts about a year.
- Fibrous During this stage, the growth and development of adipose and connective tissue occurs. To get rid of gynecomastia at this stage with the help of drugs is too difficult, almost impossible.
Complications of gynecomastia in men
This pathology can cause an inferiority complex in a patient and leave serious psychological consequences. But the most dangerous consequence is if it degenerates into a malignant tumor. According to statistics, 20-60% of cases of developing breast cancer in the stronger sex occur precisely against the background of gynecomastia.
If the disease was treated surgically, then after the operation, infectious complications, ruptures of the skin, scars or asymmetry of the breast may appear. In adult obese men, after removal of too much tissue, circulatory failure may occur. Because of this, necrosis of the nipple occurs, the sensitivity of which as a result, when changing the usual position, will decrease or completely disappear.
Methods for determining gynecomastia in men
First of all, the doctor examines the patient, conducts palpation of the testicles and mammary glands, finds out a family history. In addition, he assesses the severity of secondary sexual characteristics, learns about existing diseases, drug and alcohol addiction.
With symptoms of breast enlargement in men, the female type of the stronger sex is referred to an endocrinologist. Diagnostic equipment helps detect hormonal abnormalities in the patient. Laboratory tests can determine the blood levels of nitrogen, estradiol, prolactin, testosterone, urea, creatinine and hCG.
To exclude tumor processes, the patient is sent for computed tomography of the adrenal glands and brain, as well as for chest radiography. If the doctor suspected testicular cancer with an increase in the content of testosterone and chorionic gonadotropin, then an ultrasound of the scrotum organs is performed. In addition, a breast biopsy and mammography are done.
Gynecomastia in men: treatment without surgery
Reviews of drug therapy for breast enlargement are mostly positive. To eliminate this problem, different means are used, depending on the reasons for the development of gynecomastia in men. Treatment without surgery on a course of drugs helps to completely get rid of this disease.
If breast growth has occurred due to hypogonadism, then the patient is prescribed male hormones:
- "Chorionic gonadotropin."
Use the listed drugs intramuscularly. The last remedy must be taken once every 5 days. And Androgel-containing testosterone is used as an ointment, applying it every day to the skin. The effectiveness of such therapy is quite high.
For the treatment of gynecomastia, it is additionally recommended to take biological substances. True, they are allowed to be used only in combination with the main therapy.
In the case when it is not possible to reduce estrogen, the following drugs are prescribed: Tamoxifen and Clomiphene. They are able to suppress the production of this female hormone, however, when they are consumed, salty foods, alcohol and fatty foods should be excluded from the diet.
Remember that if gynecomastia in men is detected in the early stages, treatment without surgery is quite effective. The duration of therapy is at least 2 months if treatment with male hormones and biological additives is prescribed. In the case of taking medications, in order to suppress the production of female hormones, the disease is eliminated with stimulant drugs. The course of such treatment lasts more than six months until the symptoms of gynecomastia disappear completely.
Causes of gynecomastia in athletes
We have already written more than once that among the main reasons for the development of the described pathology, in addition to hormone-dependent diseases, there are also occupations in professional sports, specifically bodybuilding. It would seem that sports for men should give only health, and not any side effects.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. Big sport, as a rule, always has its own “reverse side of the coin”. Reasons athletes face gynecomastia problems:
The use of steroids. It is believed that when athletes take some synthetic hormones, the latter, once in the male body, undergo the so-called aromatization process. This process is unusual in that it can cause a man’s body to produce a certain part (somewhat increased) of the female hormones estrogen, in particular estradiol.
More rarely, this process changes the production of hormones such as prolactin and progestogens, which may also be responsible for the development of the described disease. Further, when excess female hormones begin to accumulate in the body of athletes, their body begins to notice side effects, in the form of deposits of fatty tissue of a female type, fluid retention (edema), and of course gynecomastia.
A sharp rejection of sports activities, or rather, too abrupt cessation of previously received physical exertion. As a rule, with increased physical exertion in the body of a man, testosterone begins to be actively produced.
Moreover, in professional athletes, the level of this hormone in the blood is often slightly increased. With a sharp cessation of sports, the level of testosterone, respectively, drops sharply, which in fact can lead to the development of gynecomastia.
However, it is important to understand that not all athletes experience similar side effects from taking steroid drugs or after retirement.
Each male body is individual, each has a unique sensitivity (predisposition to the disease) to female hormones.
And here, it is important to give a few points for those who want to play sports, but are worried about the risks of gynecomastia, namely in bodybuilding:
- In essence, bodybuilding (like sports) cannot cause the development of gynecomastia!
- Proper balanced sports nutrition (if we are talking about non-hormonal nutrition) can not cause health problems!
- Gynecomastia itself, as a disease, does not always lead to breast cancer in men!
- Hormonal problems are much easier to anticipate and prevent than to treat. And for this there are quite specific methods of prevention.
How to get rid of this disease at home?
When gynecomastia is detected in men, treatment without surgery at home helps only if the mammary gland is not too large in size.
Cold compresses will help in the fight against this pathology, which help to reduce and reduce adipose tissue. To do this, ice cubes should be wrapped in tissue, and then attach them to the chest for several minutes.
Another excellent result is obtained if gynecomastia in men has been diagnosed, treatment without surgery. Reviews with this therapy are positive about turmeric, because this plant increases testosterone and actively burns subcutaneous fat. Therefore, people with this diagnosis will benefit from a drink from this spice.
Prevention of the development of hormonal problems in athletes
It is believed that the best prevention of gynecomastia in sports can only be the rejection of the use of steroid drugs.
Nevertheless, not all professional bodybuilding athletes are ready to completely abandon such stimulants, because at the same time, they have to abandon real achievements in their sports careers.
As a result, the modern pharmaceutical market is ready to offer athletes specific drugs to reduce the risks of developing hormonal problems during bodybuilding, and in particular when taking steroids.
Naturally, the main methods of prevention with a full steroid cycle of athletes are reduced to taking drugs that suppress the activity of estrogen.
Many of our readers actively use the well-known method based on natural ingredients, discovered by Elena Malysheva, to treat mastopathy and breast formations. We advise you to familiarize yourself.
So, one of the drugs that is recommended for the prevention of hormonal problems in sports is bromocriptine. At the same time, athletes themselves must understand that this drug also has its drawbacks.
For example, helping a man control all the side effects of taking steroids, this drug can reduce the effectiveness of the steroid cycle used to grow muscle mass.
And this means that bromocriptine should be used only when it is really strictly necessary. We also note that in certain cases it is necessary to apply complex treatment, just as in case of mastopathy, medical treatment was used, in some cases it is the most relevant way to solve this problem.
When, during bodybuilding, bromocriptine is justified
Most athletes taking steroids themselves can easily determine the time when they need to start using drugs like bromocriptine.
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For example, if an athlete feels some irritation in the chest or nipples, significant itching around the areola, he feels some swelling of the mammary glands or their swelling. This means that it is time to seek the advice of a doctor.
Symptoms of developing gynecomastia can also be considered transparent discharge from the nipples, palpable swelling under one or both nipples.
Nevertheless, it is categorically unacceptable for an athlete to use independently any drugs that promise to relieve him of such symptoms, even if he is a very experienced and competent athlete.
It is very important, in this case, to remember that any drugs that can regulate the production of certain hormones by your body can both benefit and significantly harm, exacerbating hormonal failure.
If gynecomastia is not treated, then the disease will cause a lot of trouble. After all, the growth of the mammary glands brings both physical and psychological discomfort to a man. In addition, it must be understood that a violation of the structure of the organ can provoke the development of tumors. Therefore, in order to avoid serious consequences, it is necessary to consult a specialist at the first suspicion of an illness.
What is bromocriptine?
Below, we will present the information that is necessary primarily for athletes to understand how serious this drug is, and not even think about its independent use.
Bromocriptine is a drug that stimulates the central and peripheral dopamine D2 receptors.
This drug is able to exert a strictly characteristic inhibitory effect on the production of pituitary hormones, primarily by reducing the production of prolactin, as well as growth hormone.
But it is these hormones that are responsible for everything related to the reproduction process. Growth hormone is generally called growth hormone.
This drug is prescribed for female infertility, for hyperprolactinemia in men, for impotence, for hypogonadism, etc.
Actually, therefore, I want to note that such serious medicines really should not be used without consulting a doctor, even for the prevention of gynecomastia.
60% of women suffer from mastopathy. The worst thing is that most women are confident that mastopathy is the norm and do not rush to the doctor. but the risk of breast cancer in its place is very high. If you notice:
- aching or pulling pains in the chest area before menstruation.
- sensations of swelling and swelling of the mammary glands. As if the breasts were enlarged.
- voltage, seals and nodules. There are lymph nodes under the arm.
- discharge from the nipples.
- a change in the shape of the breast, the skin on the nipples retracted and cracks appeared.
- change in body weight.
Symptoms of gynecomastia in athletes are almost the same as other male patients.
The only differences in this case may be the degree of proliferation of breast tissue. But, despite this, doctors determine several basic signs of gynecomastia.
- breast enlargement
- swelling in the nipple,
- inflammatory process,
- specific discharge from the nipples,
- discomfort or pain during palpation of the chest,
- cosmetic defect.
Bodybuilding and Disease
Of course, taking methane on the course or other steroid drugs can provoke hormonal disorders in the body of a man.
But this does not mean at all that every bodybuilder suffers from this ailment. The fact is that each person is individual.
And his body also reacts differently to the effects of certain substances. Therefore, it is completely optional that every athlete taking anabolics will face a disease such as gynecomastia.
Although the likelihood of development is quite high. That is why many experts recommend that men develop an individual daily diet. This will not only improve their condition, but also reduce the risk of gynecomastia.
When steroid drugs are used, a process may occur in a man’s body, which is called aromatization in medical practice. Most often, drugs that provoke the aromatization of hormones are Testosterone and Methane. Less dangerous are Boldenone, Turinabol, Oxandrolone and other drugs.
Testosterone in men
- Male genitalia play a very important role in the normal functioning of the body:
- Stimulate the development of the genitals (penis, eggs, seminal vesicles, prostate gland).
- Stimulate sexual manifestation
- Regulate spermatogenesis
- Form male-type behavioral and mental signs
In general, the amount of testosterone in the human body in men distinguishes them from women (by external signs): sexual orientation, the appearance of offspring, active metabolism, broad shoulders, narrow hips, etc.
Consider all about low testosterone in men
Symptoms of Low Testosterone
In medicine, a decrease in the hormone testosterone is called - HYPOGONADISM.
Reasons why men have low testosterone:
- Male Genital Injury
- Inactive lifestyle
- Psychological (for example, adrenaline is released under stress, and actually inhibits the production of testosterone).
- Unhealthy diet (drinking alcohol, bubbly drinks, vegetable oil) of harmful products (sugar, soy, caffeine, salt, foods with high cholesterol, etc.)
- Side effects of certain drugs
- Even the age, in men after 30 years of age, this hormone decreases by 1-2%.
Diseases (which lead to a decrease in testosterone production):
- Lung disease, as well as bronchial asthma
- Arterial hypertension
- Heart disease (ischemia)
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Chronic alcoholism
How to determine if I have low testosterone?
We will now go through some signs, they will show us the whole picture.
- Lack of hair (or insufficient amount) on the chest, face (beard)
- Gynecomastia for no reason (breast growth)
- Other body fat
- Muscle weakening
- Increased sweating of the body
- For no reason, sudden redness of the chest, face, feelings of heat
- Decreased libido, decreased potency.
You can also go to the hospital and get tested. In order to do everything right and get reliable results, you do not need to drink alcohol the day before, do not smoke, do not eat tests 12 hours before the test, you can only drink plain still water.
In general, analysis is recommended to be done only if you have the following problems:
- Lower libido
- Potency Disorders
- Chronic prostatitis
- Excessive physical activity
The testosterone results in men are normal - 10-40 nmol / L. In the event of something wrong, if there are any deviations from the norm, the doctor will let you know about it by appointing an individual course of treatment.
Testosterone Levels for LIFE and DAY
What are the effects of low testosterone in men?
- Anxiety (frequent mood swings) of depression, sometimes lack of interest in life
- Sexual abuse (and very serious)
- Disturbed sleep
- Distraction, forgetfulness.
- There is a risk of diabetes
- There is a risk of stroke, heart attack.
- There is a risk of osteoporosis - thinning of bone tissue.
How to increase testosterone in natural ways?
- Proper nutrition
- Healthy sleep
- Physical activity and weight training
First of all, you need to pay attention to your diet. Namely, to follow the optimal proportion of B + F + Y for health and muscle gain:
As for food, dieting, etc. we already have ready-made articles on this subject, I recommend to study:
Bodybuilders (jocks) have an ideal healthy diet. The average person needs to strive for this, therefore do not be alarmed.
Minerals are very important, because ZINC is the main building material for the testosterone molecule. Without it, the synthesis of testosterone is impossible. Zinc is found in seafood (squid, anchovies), fish (trout, saury, salmon), nuts (peanuts, pistachios, almonds). Other essential minerals are SELENIUM, CALCIUM and MAGNESIUM.
Vitamins are also very important. For full health, all vitamins are needed, but the most important for testosterone synthesis is vitamin C, E, F (omega-3,6) and all B vitamins. The fact is that vitamins C, F, B are involved in the synthesis of testosterone, and vitamin E protects the molecule from decay. It is very important. These vitamins are contained in rose hips, currants, fish oils, nuts, avocados, citrus fruits, etc.
I also recommend that you study the main articles on this subject:
Healthy sleep. This is the second important component, because in the phase of sleep, most of the sex hormones are produced. Therefore, if you constantly sleep, then all the measures that you have taken in order to increase testosterone will be reduced to zero. Therefore, you need to sleep 8-10 hours in comfort, comfort, silence and darkness ..
And finally, physical activity, the gym help increase testosterone production. Therefore, you need to exercise regularly in the gym, and exercise correctly. My resource will help you with all this. On it you will find all the necessary information on how to deal properly.
Drugs that increase testosterone (anabolic steroids)
The above drugs are a link, if necessary, click on them and study in more detail.
Testosterone in women
As already mentioned at the beginning of the article, both men and women have testosterone. Just in different quantities, i.e. women have less. It is produced by the ovaries and adrenal cortex.
Testosterone functions in women:
- Ovarian follicle development
- Skeleton Development and More
- Mood boost
- Normalization of bone marrow, sebaceous glands
If a woman has an increased amount of testosterone, then male features may appear:
- Men's outlines
- Acne (Acne)
- Hair growth in unusual places
- Hair loss on the head
- Enlarged clitoris
Causes of increased testosterone in women:
- Genetic predisposition
- Enhanced Adrenal Function
What is the problem of increased levels of testosterone in women?
The fact is that as a result of increased testosterone in women, the following problems may occur:
- Birth complications (increased risk)
- The problem with bearing a child
- Diabetes risk
- Complete absence of ovulation (anovulation)
- Suppression of ovarian function
- Violation of the rhythm of menstruation (or even termination)
If you find yourself with one or more symptoms, then this still does not give a 100% guarantee of the disease. No need to worry.
How to lower testosterone?
Firstly, independent treatment with any drugs is extremely dangerous. But from foods (i.e., naturally), testosterone can be lowered by removing the following foods from the diet (they affect the decrease in the hormone testosterone):
- SALT (no more than 3 grams per day)
- Vegetable oil
- Fat milk, cream
- Caffeine (not more than 1 cup of coffee per day)
- Natural juices
- Soya products
You can also take tests for the amount of testosterone (having donated blood), and you can identify possible diseases in the body (if any). Often women are overly nervous simply.
The norm of testosterone in women is 0.7-3 nmol / L.
By the way, pay attention to the fact that during the MENOPAUSE period testosterone decreases, and during the OVULATION period it increases! In which case, the analysis should be done somewhere on the 6-7th day of the cycle. Something like that.
But what if a woman has low testosterone?
Can be determined by the symptoms:
- Lack of orgasm (or just sexual weakness)
- Constant feeling of lethargy
- Decrease in muscle mass and strength
- Sexual coldness
- Low stress resistance
In order to increase testosterone in natural ways, you need to follow the same recommendations as for men. Those. Eat properly (meat, poultry, fish, vegetables, fruits and play sports (including weight training).
Bodybuilders and other representatives of the sports community are well aware of such an ailment as gynecomastia steroids are one of the main reasons for the development of this disease. It is also worth noting that the following male representatives are at risk:
- Obese men
- Men who, for various reasons, significantly decrease testosterone production and increase the amount of estrogen.
So, steroid gynecomastia is an increase in the mammary glands in men, which is characterized by a benign character.
Breast enlargement is never malignant, and therefore gynecomastia is not a cause for the development of cancerous tumors.
It is noteworthy that oncological diseases are extremely rare in athletes, but gynecomastia is diagnosed in 35-45% of all men on the plan.
If gynecomastia is diagnosed and the athlete continues to take steroids chest (mammary glands) can increase up to 10 centimeters.
The indicator may vary depending on the type of physique and differences in the body of a man. If for a woman breast augmentation is not only familiar, but also desirable, then for men such a change in the body brings a lot of discomfort.
Why does gynecomastia occur?
The main reason for the development of such an ailment is associated with the production of testosterone, and more precisely, with its low content in relation to estrogen. You can identify the main reasons that contribute to the development of gynecomastia:
- Puberty. In adolescence, hormone production is just crazy. That is why the body begins to change so quickly. It is worth noting that if a teenager exhibits manifestations of gynecomastia, then everything normalizes after a while, when the hormonal system comes to its natural rhythm.
- Renal failure. For athletes, this disease has only a mediocre relationship.
- Body-building. Bodybuilding itself is beneficial for a man’s health, but when he starts taking steroids, his chest can quickly change in size and shape. As you know, some anabolic drugs tend to aromatize, that is, testosterone turns into estrogen - a female sex hormone.
- Refusal of sports activities and steroids. If an athlete has been engaged in heavy sports for a long time, and then abruptly stops doing this, the hormonal system will be the first to respond to the change. It can also result from a lack of post-cycle therapy.
- Obesity. This practically does not apply to athletes. During obesity, limopastia is diagnosed, that is, a false form of gynecomastia.
Also, the cause of the development of such an ailment is a change in the work of progestogen and prolactin. These are hormones that may begin to be improperly produced as a result of the use of hormones. In this case, a large amount of estrogen accumulates in the man’s body, which leads to the deposition of adipose tissue in the chest and other parts of the body.
What steroids cause gynecomastia?
Looking ahead, it is worth noting that only a small fraction of steroids can affect the development of gynecomastia, and this is most often observed when the athlete deliberately violates the dosage of the drug and the duration of the course. It increases the risk when after-cycle therapy is not used after steroids.
In some cases, the following anabolic drugs can affect breast enlargement in men:
- Testosterone (propiontate, enanthate and others),
- Oxymetholone and also other drugs in which oxymetholone acts as the main active substance. Gynecomastia can occur as a result of the frequent use of steroids of this type or with malicious violations of the duration of the course.
These drugs are quite powerful anabolic steroids that can quickly achieve the desired result.
Of course, the body may not be ready for such drastic changes, so it starts to react differently.
As practice shows, breast enlargement is most often observed in beginners, who, due to the desire to quickly achieve a particular goal, immediately switch to the use of powerful steroids.
What drugs do not cause gynecomastia?
Despite the fact that gynecomastia on the course of steroids is a fairly common manifestation in the athlete’s body, there are still many anabolic drugs that are not characteristic to aromatize:
- Danabol and others.
How does gynecomastia manifest on a steroid course?
Gynecomastia begins to develop gradually, while the athlete may notice the following changes in his body:
- In the chest area, irritations begin to appear,
- Nipples may itch
- Under the nipples, small swelling forms, which very much resemble those that were in adolescence,
- A transparent secret begins to stand out from the nipples,
- The mammary glands begin to grow in diameter,
- Nipples are enlarging
- There is an increased sensitivity of the nipples, as well as discomfort while wearing clothes.
What types of gynecomastia are distinguished?
- Developing gynecomastia. It lasts no more than 4 months, with a reversible character.
- Intermediate gynecomastia. May occur during the year. During this time, chest tissue begins to develop. In this case, you can get rid of gynecomastia with the help of conservative treatment. Most often, gynecomastia is diagnosed on a steroid course.
- Fibrous gynecomastia. In the athlete's chest, connective tissue begins to appear, which can only be removed surgically.
Based on the foregoing, we can safely note the fact that in the first stages of the development of gynecomastia, the process can be reversed without consequences for your body. As soon as the first symptoms of this disease begin to appear, it is necessary to seek help from a specialist.
If gynecomastia occurs while taking steroids, then the specialist will need to provide a list of all the drugs that will allow him to prescribe the most effective treatment that will directly affect the root cause of the disease.
How is steroid gynecomastia treated?
There are some drugs that allow you to forever forget about such an ailment as gynecomastia:
- Testosterone. He is prescribed to those patients who have low testosterone levels. It is mainly used by athletes after 40-50 years.
- Clomiphene. It is an antiestrogen.
- Tamoxifen. It is prescribed for severe forms of gynecomastia.
- Danazole It is a type of synthetic testosterone.
The following drugs deserve special attention:
- Bromocriptine. It is effective in the case when gynecomastia began to develop against the background of an increased amount of female hormones and decreased testosterone. In addition, this drug is used as a prophylaxis of the development of the disease. The flip side of the coin is that Bromkriptin reduces the effectiveness of the steroid course, so it is better to take it in the most extreme cases. In addition, the drug can be used as a fat burner, and the effect will be noticeable within a few hours after administration. Athletes actively take the drug between courses, as it allows you to get rid of such a private side effect, like depression.
- Tribestan. The drug is prescribed as an adjunct in the diagnosis of a mild stage of gynecomastia. Used to increase testosterone and lower female sex hormones.
- Tamoxifen. The drug is not able to stop the aromatization process, but on the other hand, it shows good indicators regarding the blocking of female sex hormones. The drug can be used both during the course of steroids, and during post-cycle therapy. It allows you to quickly restore normal hormonal levels in the body of an athlete. It is necessary to use the drug for 10-40 mg of the drug, depending on the characteristics of the course, every day.
- Clomiphene. It is used to stop the further development of gynecomastia. The drug is very popular in the sports community, as it helps the body quickly restore its own testosterone production after a course of steroids.
In order for gynecomastia not to occur on the steroid course, it is necessary to take drugs with estrogen. It allows you to block the increase in the number of female sex hormones, both on the course itself and after it. You can also take other drugs in this group, but before that it is better to consult your trainer or a more competent athlete in this matter.
In addition, you can simply not choose those steroids, which include components that are aimed at breast augmentation. Fortunately, the modern market of sports pharmacology can offer many drugs that will get rid of unpleasant manifestations in your body.
It is worth noting that not every athlete who takes steroids falls into the risk zone for gynecomastia. For its development, many factors must come into play.
For example, for an ailment to begin to develop, there must be a direct predisposition to such changes in the body, as well as a high sensitivity to estrogen.
It is also worth dispelling a few myths that often scare young athletes who want to start using steroids:
- Bodybuilding itself will never be the reason for the development of gynecomastia.
- Non-hormonal sports nutrition does not cause gynecomastia. Regarding hormonal nutrition, it affects the body in the same way as steroids.
- Gynecomastia is a benign mass in the chest. Gynecomastia can go into a malignant form only in very rare cases and if athletes violate all the rules regarding taking steroids.
- Hormonal problems can always be prevented by using the right preventative drugs.
Properly selected steroids, as well as post-cycle therapy and preventive methods, will significantly reduce the risk of gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia Surgical Treatment
At the first manifestations of the disease, you can get rid of it with a conservative method of treatment. That is, the athlete uses certain drugs that can stop the further development of the disease, or completely get rid of it. If the form of gynecomastia is severe, which can occur due to the athlete ignoring the problem, then the easiest way is to agree to the operation.
It happens quite simply: the specialist makes a small incision and removes the accumulated tissue. The second stage of the operation is the removal of fat. Fortunately, all surgical scars quickly resolve, so there will be no trace of the operation. You can start easy exercise in a week and a half.
After a month, you can return to the usual course of classes.
The operation itself takes place without any complications, while 30% of all men who have gynecomastia for various reasons, immediately agree to the operation.
To avoid serious complications after a course of steroids, you need to buy them only from a trusted seller and study the composition well. Also, do not neglect systematic checks by a specialist and passing tests.
Only in this case will it be possible to reduce all the problems from taking steroids to zero.
Gynecomastia in men is a pathological condition that leads to the growth of the mammary glands. The reason is the hormonal imbalance that often occurs in adolescence and in men who take certain medications.
Gynecomastia in men is a disease that develops against the background of hormonal disorders and is accompanied by an increase in the mammary glands. This pathology is associated with the growth of glandular tissues, an increase in the amount of fat deposits.
At the same time, several types of gynecomastia are distinguished:
- True - characterized by the proliferation of glandular tissue of the breast.
- False (lipomastia) - breast enlargement is diagnosed in overweight men. Breast enlargement occurs due to adipose tissue.
- Mixed - involves the growth of adipose and glandular tissue of the breast.
- Physiological - observed in adolescents during the puberty period.
- Pathological - diagnosed in older men.
- Unilateral - gynecomastia of one breast.
- Bilateral - the mammary glands are affected on both sides.
- a feeling of pain and heaviness in the chest area,
- the appearance of seals in the mammary glands.
To make an accurate diagnosis, a man needs to undergo an ultrasound examination and donate blood to hormones.
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Indications for treatment
It is necessary to treat gynecomastia in men under the supervision of a mammologist, who, depending on the type of disease, will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
With physiological pathology, which is diagnosed in adolescents, expectant tactics and observation by a doctor are required. At the end of puberty, breasts often decrease. If this does not happen, treatment is required.
Therapy is also necessary for pathological gynecomastia. Drug therapy is effective only at the initial stage of the development of the disease (during the first 4 months after its occurrence). Otherwise, surgical intervention is necessary.
Treatment of pathological gynecomastia without surgery is necessary with the following indications:
- rapid increase in body weight
- ulcers and ulcers on the mammary glands of a man,
- lumps in the chest,
- growth of lymph nodes in the chest and armpits,
- discharge from the nipples of a bloody and purulent nature.
The choice of therapy
Gynecomastia medications, as well as treatment regimens, are selected in accordance with the cause of the pathology. The main causes of the disease are:
- Hormonal disruptions. Most often, this reason leads to the development of physiological gynecomastia in young men in the transition period, when there is a hormonal imbalance. To treat this cause, hormonal drugs are used, as well as traditional medicine.
- Medications Taking certain medications can lead to hormonal imbalances. Most often diagnosed in middle-aged and older men. To eliminate this reason, the doctor will stop taking the drug, which led to an increase in the mammary glands or replace it with another. In the absence of effect, a course of hormones is necessary.
Directions of treatment
Gynecomastia in men is treated with drugs that can reduce the amount of female hormones in the body and increase testosterone levels. For this purpose, depending on the cause of the disease and the characteristics of the male body, one of the treatment methods is selected:
- Testosterone preparations. Used with low levels of testosterone, which is a male sex hormone. In other cases, taking testosterone does not bring positive results.
- Estrogen suppressants are prescribed when testosterone levels are normal and the amount of estrogen (female sex hormones) is increased. This group of drugs helps to reduce estrogen levels, inhibiting their synthesis, and prevents their effects on male breasts.
- UHF, laser therapy, inductophoresis and mud therapy on the mammary gland area are used in combination with one of the selected areas of therapy.
- Surgical operation takes place in the absence of recovery after treatment with the listed methods.
With gynecomastia in men, tamoxifen is the most effective drug and is prescribed by a doctor most often. The action of the drug is aimed at suppressing the production of female sex hormones - estrogens, which directly affect the growth of the mammary glands.
Tamoxifen is also used for malignant neoplasms of the mammary glands, oncology of the kidneys, sarcoma and melanoma.
The treatment process is quite long - the effect of taking Tamoxifen can be seen only after 4 months, in the case of regular use and other recommendations of the mammologist. During the administration, side effects may occur, which must be reported to the attending doctor.
The dosage of Tamoxifen for gynecomastia in men is standard and is prescribed by a doctor in accordance with the instructions for use.
If the man was on a course of steroids to increase body weight, it is necessary to cancel these drugs.
In addition, Anastrozole is prescribed, which helps prevent the growth of mammary glands in men and bring them to a normal state. The drug works by reducing female sex hormones.
In addition, this tool is used as an antitumor drug. The medication is taken in accordance with the dosage prescribed by the doctor.
Hormonal drug for men with gynecomastia. It acts on the glands by inhibiting the synthesis of androgens. Also, the drug is effective for the treatment of malignant prostate tumors and their relapses.
Treatment of Androkur Depot is carried out according to the scheme recommended by a mammologist. Positive changes in the chest area can be noted only after 4 or more months.
Proviron - a drug that helps reduce estrogen levels, and also does not allow testosterone to turn into female sex hormones, which led to the development of gynecomastia. The peculiarity of this medicine is that its regular intake affects the adrenal cortex and blocks aromatase enzymes.
This drug is prescribed if there is pain in the chest and seals, which are accompanied by itching and redness.
Subject to the recommended dose, the effectiveness of the drug appears after 2 months.
Clomid and Dostinex
Clomid is able to normalize men's health only with normal estrogen levels, since with a reduced rate it is not effective. Therefore, Clomid is prescribed by a doctor in conjunction with Gonadotropin.
Dostinex is also a fairly effective medication, which is prescribed on the basis of data obtained during diagnostic procedures. Well tolerated by patients.
In addition to these drugs, a man needs to drink a course of vitamins A and E, which affect the hormonal background. A sufficient amount of these vitamins promotes the synthesis of testosterone in the body, which is necessary for the treatment of gynecomastia.
Blockers are also used in medicines to prevent the production of hormones that have led to an increase in the mammary glands in men. For this purpose, a gonadoliberin or antiandrogen is prescribed by a mammologist.
Also in the process of therapy, ointments and local compresses are used. Among ointments, Progestogel 1% is most often prescribed. It includes progesterone, which blocks the synthesis of estrogen and reduces prolactin levels. A similar effect leads to a decrease in fluid in the tissues of the breast, which puts pressure on the milk ducts.
When local therapy is most often prescribed Progestogel 1%
Hydrogen peroxide is effective as a local therapy, with which compresses are prepared on the chest. Hydrogen peroxide is also added to infusions. To prepare the infusion, peroxide is mixed with eucalyptus infusion and a liter of boiling water. Take 50 ml before meals for 21 days.
It is necessary to supplement the treatment with an active lifestyle, which will help to get rid of excess weight that accompanies the disease. In addition, you must adjust the power. The diet of a man with gynecomastia should be saturated with carbohydrates and fats, which are quickly absorbed and are not high-calorie.
The daily diet must include foods rich in fiber, protein and vitamins. To maintain drug therapy, a man needs to eat foods that are rich in vitamins A, E, selenium and zinc, which favorably affect the endocrine glands and contribute to the synthesis of testosterone.
Throughout the course of drug therapy, it is necessary to limit sweets, flour products. It is also necessary to abandon alcohol products, especially beer, which leads to breast growth in men.
Gynecomastia is a disease in which men have breast growth.
This pathology is caused by a decrease in the level of testosterone - the male sex hormone or the growth of estrogen - the female sex hormones.
Gynecomastia is treated according to the cause that led to the disease. Conservative therapy is based on the use of medications that are prescribed only by a doctor.
Gynecomastia drugs: causes of the disease and description of drugs
Home> Other diseases> Gynecomastia> Gynecomastia drugs: causes of the disease and description of drugs
Men also have mammary glands. However, among the representatives of the stronger sex, they lost their functions in the process of evolution.
The glandular tissue in men is significantly atrophied, and the level of subcutaneous fat is noticeably lower compared to women.
- Definition and reasons
- Description of drugs
- Homeopathic treatment
Definition and reasons
Gynecomastia (from the Greek "gynaeca" - woman, "mastos" - breast) is an increase in the mammary gland in men due to changes in the level of sex hormones, especially estrogen.
Estrogen is the main hormone that provides femininity. In men, a negligible amount of this biologically active substance is normally secreted.
With pathology, the balance of male and female hormones shifts toward the latter.
Gynecomastia is not always a pathological abnormality.
In medicine, physiological gynecomastia is also distinguished, that is, a condition when the enlargement of the mammary gland is normal.
Note: an ailment in the circles of bodybuilders is becoming increasingly relevant. An athlete who improperly uses the drugs of male hormones risks violating the production of his own testosterone, which in the future will lead to a shift in balance towards estrogen.
Such gynecomastia most often occurs in boys in their teens. In addition, physiological gynecomastia is observed in newborns and in older men, when natural changes in the hormonal background occur in the body.
As the most common manifestations of the disease, there are:
- enlargement of one or two mammary glands,
- a feeling of heaviness in the gland,
- pain (less often)
- whitish discharge (less commonly).
The severity of symptoms depends on the level of disturbance in the hormonal profile.
In no case should you fall into desperation. To date, the disease is confidently treatable.
In the treatment of this disorder, there are two main areas:
- Drug therapy.
- Surgical correction.
The doctor, first of all, resorts to the use of drugs. And only if such treatment is ineffective, they prepare for the operation.
The main lever of influence on gynecomastia is the appointment of replacement therapy for estrogen antagonists. The most commonly used drugs for the correction of ailment:
- Testolactone et al.
The above drugs are prescribed only by the attending physician. Incorrect use of them is significantly harmful to health.
Description of drugs
Tamoxifen is a non-steroidal drug competitively blocking estrogen receptors on the surface of cells. The drug has a structure similar to estrogen, but when bound to the receptor it does not cause estrogen-mediated effects in the cell nucleus.
Due to its properties, Tamoxifen is used not only for the treatment of this disease, but also for the treatment of estrogen-dependent tumors (breast tumors and tumors of the female genital organs) in women.
Epistan has a mechanism of action similar to Tamoxifen.By blocking estradiol receptors, Epistan inhibits the function of one of the most active forms of the female sex hormone. It is important to know that the drug has a pronounced androgenic effect.
With improper use, the effects of excessive saturation with male hormones can be observed. In patients, this can lead to an increase in body weight, an increase in blood cholesterol, and hair loss.
Danozol is a drug that affects the production of gonadotropin in the pituitary gland. Reducing the synthesis of gonadotropin, the drug thereby slightly stimulates the formation of androgens.
This medication has a slight anabolic effect. Danozol showed itself well in the treatment of gynecomastia, endometriosis, benign mammary tumors and other diseases.
Dehydrotestosterone is a powerful androgenic hormone with a pronounced anabolic effect. Due to its properties, it has been widely used in bodybuilding. It is used to treat gynecomastia and in case of insufficiency of the production of own testosterone. Due to its chemical properties, dehydrotestosterone is widely used as a rubbing gel or ointment.
Mesterolone is a special medication. Due to its structure, it does not turn into estrogen in the process of metabolism. With its androgenic effect, it shifts the androgen / estrogen balance towards the former. The drug has been successful in the treatment of gynecomastia and male hypogonadism.
Gynecomastia on the course and how to deal with it?
Gynecomastia in men is caused by the proliferation of breast tissue. Sometimes there is the so-called false gynecomastia, characteristic of obese people. In this case, they simply increase the chest.
A characteristic external manifestation of this disease is an increase and compaction in the mammary gland. This benign formation differs from body fat in a denser texture.
Gynecomastia can also cause pain when touched.
Causes of Gynecomastia
Her appearance is due to the fact that male sex hormones predominate in men. They are in any male body, but if their number is normal, then the liver quickly destroys them.
But if their concentration is too high and, moreover, they prevail over androgens, gynecomastia can occur.
Another reason for this disease may be a decrease in the number of male hormones, especially testosterone.
Most often, gynecomastia can occur during hormonal changes in the body. For example, at birth, during puberty (aged 12-15 years), with withering of the body (after 45 years).
It is during these periods that gynecomastia is quite common in men. It is called physiological or idiopathic gynecomastia.
Less common causes of this phenomenon include a variety of tumors, primary hypogonadism.
It is also possible the appearance of gyno on the course, when taking certain drugs, especially corticosteroids, anabolic steroids, creams with estrogens, tricyclic antidepressants and others. Bodybuilders often suffer from this condition.
In this case, it arises from taking steroids. But steroids do not always contribute to the development and further progress of this disease, factors such as heredity, improper use of drugs, violation of the regimen of playing sports play an important role.
Therefore, at the first suspicions of this disease or addiction to it, you need to consult a doctor who will prescribe drugs to prevent gynecomastia or for its immediate treatment.
The main function of these drugs should be to block the occurrence of female hormones.
The danger of gynecomastia
This is a benign tumor that basically disappears by itself, not causing a man any major inconvenience. But if it is not eliminated for a long time, it can cause breast cancer.
Although it affects men less often than women, the consequences are just as dire. If you notice discharge from the nipple with an admixture of blood, a tight seal, swollen lymph nodes, consult a doctor immediately.
He will provide qualified assistance, tell how to treat gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia and bodybuilding. Bodybuilding bromocriptine
Undoubtedly, gynecomastia is a condition that always causes certain anxiety in men using certain anabolic steroids. And, unfortunately, gynecomastia in bodybuilding is a phenomenon that is far from rare.
Usually, with gynecomastia, doctors observe a physiological or pathological deposition of glandular, connective or fatty tissues (tumors of an exclusively benign nature) directly in the mammary glands of men.